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Florida Statute 468 | Lawyer Caselaw & Research
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The 2023 Florida Statutes (including Special Session C)

Title XXXII
REGULATION OF PROFESSIONS AND OCCUPATIONS
Chapter 468
MISCELLANEOUS PROFESSIONS AND OCCUPATIONS
View Entire Chapter
CHAPTER 468
CHAPTER 468
MISCELLANEOUS PROFESSIONS AND OCCUPATIONS
PART I
SPEECH-LANGUAGE PATHOLOGY AND AUDIOLOGY
(ss. 468.1105-468.1315)
PART II
NURSING HOME ADMINISTRATION
(ss. 468.1635-468.1756)
PART III
OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY
(ss. 468.201-468.225)
PART IV
RADIOLOGICAL PERSONNEL CERTIFICATION
(ss. 468.3001-468.315)
PART V
RESPIRATORY THERAPY
(ss. 468.35-468.369)
PART VI
AUCTIONEERS
(ss. 468.381-468.399)
PART VII
TALENT AGENCIES
(ss. 468.401-468.415)
PART VIII
COMMUNITY ASSOCIATION MANAGEMENT
(ss. 468.431-468.438)
PART IX
ATHLETE AGENTS
(ss. 468.451-468.457)
PART X
DIETETICS AND NUTRITION PRACTICE
(ss. 468.501-468.518)
PART XI
EMPLOYEE LEASING COMPANIES
(ss. 468.520-468.535)
PART XII
BUILDING CODE ADMINISTRATORS AND
INSPECTORS
(ss. 468.601-468.633)
PART XIII
ATHLETIC TRAINERS
(ss. 468.70-468.723)
PART XIV
ORTHOTICS, PROSTHETICS, AND PEDORTHICS
(ss. 468.80-468.813)
PART XV
HOME INSPECTORS
(ss. 468.83-468.8325)
PART XVI
MOLD-RELATED SERVICES
(ss. 468.84-468.8424)
PART I
SPEECH-LANGUAGE PATHOLOGY AND
AUDIOLOGY
468.1105 Legislative intent.
468.1115 Exemptions.
468.1125 Definitions.
468.1135 Board of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology.
468.1145 Fees; establishment; disposition.
468.1155 Provisional license; requirements.
468.1165 Professional employment experience requirement.
468.1175 Examination.
468.1185 Licensure.
468.1195 Renewal of license or certificate; continuing education requirements; standards for approval of continuing education providers.
468.1205 Inactive status; reactivation; continuing education; application procedures; renewal.
468.1215 Speech-language pathology assistant and audiology assistant; certification.
468.1225 Procedures, equipment, and protocols.
468.1245 Itemized listing of prices; delivery of prescription hearing aid; receipt; guarantee; packaging; disclaimer.
468.1246 Thirty-day trial period; purchaser’s right to cancel; notice; refund; cancellation fee.
468.1255 Cancellation by medical authorization; purchaser’s right to return.
468.1265 Sale or distribution of prescription hearing aids through mail; penalty.
468.1275 Place of business; display of license.
468.1285 Prohibitions; penalties.
468.1295 Disciplinary proceedings.
468.1296 Sexual misconduct.
468.1315 Saving clauses.
468.1105 Legislative intent.The sole legislative purpose for enacting this part is to ensure that every speech-language pathologist and audiologist practicing in this state meets minimum requirements for safe practice in this state. It is the legislative intent that speech-language pathologists and audiologists who fall below minimum competencies or who otherwise present a danger to the public health and safety be prohibited from practicing in this state.
History.ss. 1, 31, ch. 90-134; s. 21, ch. 90-341; ss. 1, 10, ch. 90-345; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
468.1115 Exemptions.
(1) No provision of this part shall be construed to limit the practice of persons licensed in this state from engaging in the professions for which they are licensed, so long as they do not hold themselves out to the public as possessing a license or certificate issued pursuant to this part or use a title protected by this part.
(2) The provisions of this part shall not apply to:
(a) Students actively engaged in a training program, if such persons are acting under the direct supervision of a licensed speech-language pathologist or a licensed audiologist.
(b) Persons practicing a licensed profession or operating within the scope of their profession, such as doctors of medicine, clinical psychologists, nurses, or hearing aid specialists, who are properly licensed under the laws of this state.
(c) Persons certified in the areas of speech-language impairment or hearing impairment in this state under chapter 1012 when engaging in the profession for which they are certified, or any person under the direct supervision of such a certified person, or of a licensee under this chapter, when the person under such supervision is performing hearing screenings in a school setting for prekindergarten through grade 12.
(d) Laryngectomized individuals, rendering guidance and instruction to other laryngectomized individuals, who are under the supervision of a speech-language pathologist licensed under this part or of a physician licensed under chapter 458 or chapter 459 and qualified to perform this surgical procedure.
(e) Persons licensed by another state as speech-language pathologists or audiologists who provide services within the applicable scope of practice set forth in s. 468.1125(6) or (7) for no more than 5 calendar days per month or 15 calendar days per year under the direct supervision of a Florida-licensed speech-language pathologist or audiologist. A person whose state of residence does not license speech-language pathologists or audiologists may also qualify for this exemption, if the person holds a certificate of clinical competence from the American Speech-Language and Hearing Association and meets all other requirements of this paragraph. In either case, the board shall hold the supervising Florida licensee fully accountable for the services provided by the out-of-state licensee.
(f) Nonlicensed persons working in a hospital setting who provide newborn infant hearing screenings, so long as training, clinical interpretation of the screenings, and the protocol for followup of infants who fail in-hospital screenings are provided by a licensed audiologist.
History.ss. 2, 31, ch. 90-134; s. 21, ch. 90-341; ss. 1, 10, ch. 90-345; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 267, ch. 97-103; s. 111, ch. 97-264; s. 1014, ch. 2002-387.
468.1125 Definitions.As used in this part, the term:
(1) “Audiologist” means a person licensed under this part to practice audiology.
(2) “Board” means the Board of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology.
(3) “Certified audiology assistant” means a person who is certified under this part to perform audiology services under the direct supervision of an audiologist.
(4) “Certified speech-language pathology assistant” means a person who is certified under this part to perform speech pathology services under the direct supervision of a speech pathologist.
(5) “Department” means the Department of Health.
(6)(a) “Practice of audiology” means the application of principles, methods, and procedures for the prevention, identification, evaluation, consultation, habilitation, rehabilitation, instruction, treatment, and research, relative to hearing and the disorders of hearing, and to related language and speech disorders. “Disorders” are defined to include any and all conditions, whether of organic or nonorganic origin, peripheral or central, that impede the normal process of human communication, including, but not limited to, disorders of auditory sensitivity, acuity, function, or processing, or damage to the integrity of the physiological system.
(b) Any audiologist who has complied with the provisions of this part may:
1. Offer, render, plan, direct, conduct, consult, or supervise services to individuals or groups of individuals who have or are suspected of having disorders of hearing, including prevention, identification, evaluation, treatment, consultation, habilitation, rehabilitation, instruction, and research.
2. Participate in hearing conservation, evaluation of noise environment, and noise control.
3. Conduct and interpret tests of vestibular function and nystagmus, electrophysiologic auditory-evoked potentials, central auditory function, and calibration of measurement equipment used for such purposes.
4. Habilitate and rehabilitate, including, but not limited to, hearing aid evaluation, prescription, preparation, fitting and dispensing, assistive listening device selection and orientation, auditory training, aural habilitation, aural rehabilitation, speech conservation, and speechreading.
5. Fabricate earmolds.
6. Evaluate tinnitus.
7. Include speech and language screening, limited to a pass/fail determination for identifying individuals with disorders of communication.
(7)(a) “Practice of speech-language pathology” means the application of principles, methods, and procedures for the prevention, identification, evaluation, treatment, consultation, habilitation, rehabilitation, instruction, and research, relative to the development and disorders of human communication; to related oral and pharyngeal competencies; and to behavior related to disorders of human communication. “Disorders” are defined to include any and all conditions, whether of organic or nonorganic origin, that impede the normal process of human communication, including, but not limited to, disorders and related disorders of speech, phonology, articulation, fluency, voice, accent, verbal and written language and related nonoral/nonverbal forms of language, cognitive communication, auditory and visual processing, memory and comprehension, interactive communication, mastication, deglutition, and other oral, pharyngeal, and laryngeal sensorimotor competencies.
(b) Any speech-language pathologist who has complied with the provisions of this part may:
1. Offer, render, plan, direct, conduct, and supervise services to individuals or groups of individuals who have or are suspected of having disorders of human communication, including identification, evaluation, treatment, consultation, habilitation, rehabilitation, amelioration, instruction, and research.
2. Determine the need for personal alternatives or augmentative systems, and recommend and train for the utilization of such systems.
3. Perform a hearing screening, limited to a pass/fail determination, for the purpose of initial identification of communication disorders.
(8) “Speech-language pathologist” means a person licensed under this part to practice speech pathology.
(9) “Direct supervision” means responsible supervision and control by a licensed speech-language pathologist who shall assume legal liability for the services rendered by any certified speech-language pathology assistant under the licensee’s supervision, or responsible supervision and control by a licensed audiologist who shall assume legal liability for the services rendered by any certified audiology assistant under the licensee’s supervision. Direct supervision shall require the physical presence of the licensed speech-language pathologist for consultation and direction of the actions of the certified speech-language pathology assistant, or the physical presence of the licensed audiologist for consultation and direction of the actions of the certified audiology assistant, unless the assistant is acting under protocols established by the board. The board shall establish rules further defining direct supervision of a certified speech-language pathology assistant or a certified audiology assistant.
History.ss. 3, 31, ch. 90-134; s. 21, ch. 90-341; ss. 1, 10, ch. 90-345; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 101, ch. 92-149; s. 130, ch. 94-218; s. 112, ch. 97-264.
468.1135 Board of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology.
(1) There is created within the department the Board of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology, composed of seven members appointed by the Governor and confirmed by the Senate.
(2)(a) Four members of the board shall be persons licensed under this part, as follows:
1. Two members shall be practicing speech-language pathologists.
2. Two members shall be practicing audiologists.
(b) One member shall be a physician licensed pursuant to chapter 458 who is a neurologist, an otolaryngologist, or a pediatrician.
(c) Two members shall be citizens of the state who are communicatively impaired and who are not, and have never been, licensed as a speech-language pathologist or an audiologist and who are in no way connected with the practice of such profession. At least one of the two shall be a hearing aid user.
(d) At least one member of the board shall be 60 years of age or older.
(3) As the terms of the initial members expire, the Governor shall appoint successors who meet the requirements of subsection (2) for terms of 4 years. Members shall serve until their successors are appointed.
(4)(a) The board has authority to adopt rules pursuant to ss. 120.536(1) and 120.54 to implement the provisions of this part conferring duties upon it.
(b) The board shall adopt rules requiring that each prospective purchaser of a hearing aid be notified by the attending audiologist, at the time of the initial examination for fitting and sale of a hearing aid, of telecoil, “t” coil, or “t” switch technology. The rules shall further require that licensed audiologists make available to prospective purchasers information regarding telecoils, “t” coils, or “t” switches. These rules shall be effective on or before October 1, 1994.
(5) All provisions of chapter 456 relating to activities of regulatory boards shall apply to the board.
(6) The board shall maintain its official headquarters in Tallahassee.
History.ss. 4, 31, ch. 90-134; s. 21, ch. 90-341; ss. 1, 10, ch. 90-345; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 329, ch. 94-119; s. 2, ch. 94-160; s. 131, ch. 94-218; s. 268, ch. 97-103; s. 75, ch. 98-166; s. 131, ch. 98-200; s. 133, ch. 2000-160; s. 78, ch. 2002-1.
468.1145 Fees; establishment; disposition.
(1) The board, by rule, shall establish fees to be paid for application, examination, reexamination, licensing and renewal, reinstatement, and recordmaking and recordkeeping. The board may also establish, by rule, a late renewal penalty. The board shall establish fees which are adequate to ensure continued operation of the board and to fund the proportionate expenses incurred by the department in carrying out its licensure and other related responsibilities under this part. Fees shall be based on department estimates of the revenue required to implement this part and the provisions of law with respect to the regulation of speech-language pathologists and audiologists.
(2) The application fee shall not exceed $200 and shall be nonrefundable.
(3) The examination fee shall be in an amount which covers the costs of obtaining and administering the examination and shall be refunded if the applicant is found ineligible to sit for the examination. The combined fees for initial application and examination shall not exceed $200 plus the actual per applicant cost to the department for developing or procuring the licensure examination.
(4) The initial license fee shall not exceed $500.
(5) The provisional license fee shall not exceed $200.
(6) The fee for licensure by endorsement shall not exceed $200.
(7) The fee for certification as a speech-language pathology assistant or an audiology assistant shall not exceed $50.
(8) The biennial renewal fee shall not exceed $500.
(9) The fee for application for an inactive status license or for reactivation of an inactive status license shall not exceed $100.
(10) All moneys derived from fees and fines imposed pursuant to this part shall be deposited as required by s. 456.025.
History.ss. 5, 31, ch. 90-134; s. 21, ch. 90-341; ss. 1, 10, ch. 90-345; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 76, ch. 98-166; s. 134, ch. 2000-160.
468.1155 Provisional license; requirements.
(1)(a) A provisional license shall be required of all applicants for a license in speech-language pathology who cannot document a minimum of 9 months of supervised professional employment experience and a passing score on the national examination. A provisional license shall be required of all applicants for a license in audiology who cannot document a minimum of 11 months of supervised clinical experience and a passing score on the national examination.
(b) Individuals who are required to hold a provisional license under paragraph (a) shall apply to the department and be certified by the board for licensure prior to initiating the professional employment experience required pursuant to s. 468.1165.
(2) The department shall issue a provisional license to practice speech-language pathology to each applicant who the board certifies has:
(a) Completed the application form and remitted the required fees, including a nonrefundable application fee.
(b) Received a master’s degree or has completed the academic requirement of a doctoral degree program with a major emphasis in speech-language pathology from an institution of higher learning that is, or at the time the applicant was enrolled and graduated was, accredited by an accrediting agency recognized by the Council for Higher Education Accreditation or its successor or the United States Department of Education, or from an institution that is a member in good standing with the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. An applicant who graduated from or is currently enrolled in a program at a university or college outside the United States or Canada must present documentation of the determination of equivalency of the program to standards established by an accrediting body recognized by the Council for Higher Education Accreditation or its successor or the United States Department of Education in order to qualify.
1. The applicant must have completed the program requirements by academic course work, practicum experience, or laboratory or research activity, as verified by the program, including:
a. Knowledge of basic human communication and swallowing processes, including their biological, neurological, acoustic, psychological, developmental, and linguistic and cultural bases.
b. Knowledge of the nature of speech, language, hearing, and communication disorders and differences and swallowing disorders, including their etiologies, characteristics, anatomical or physiological, acoustic, psychological, developmental, and linguistic and cultural correlates, voice and resonance, including respiration and phonation, receptive and expressive language in speaking, listening, reading, writing, and manual modalities, hearing, including the impact on speech and language, swallowing, cognitive aspects of communication, social aspects of communication, and communication modalities.
c. Knowledge of the principles and methods of prevention, assessment, and intervention for people having communication and swallowing disorders, including consideration of anatomical or physiological, psychological, developmental, and linguistic and cultural correlates of the disorders, articulation, fluency, voice and resonance, receptive and expressive communication, hearing, swallowing, cognitive aspects of communication, social aspects of communication, and communication modalities.
2. The program must include appropriate supervised clinical experiences.

The board may waive the requirements for education, practicum, and professional employment experience for an applicant who received a professional education in another country if the board is satisfied that the applicant meets the equivalent education and practicum requirements and passes the examination in speech-language pathology.

(3) The department shall issue a provisional license to practice audiology to each applicant who the board certifies has:
(a) Completed the application form and remitted the required fees, including a nonrefundable application fee.
(b) Effective January 1, 2008, earned a doctoral degree in audiology, but has not passed the license examination required for a license in audiology or has completed the academic requirements of a doctoral degree program with a major emphasis in audiology from an institution of higher learning that is, or at the time the applicant was enrolled and graduated was, accredited by an accrediting agency recognized by the Council for Higher Education Accreditation or its successor or the United States Department of Education, or from an institution that is a member in good standing with the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. An applicant who graduated from or is currently enrolled in a program at a university or college outside the United States or Canada must present documentation of the determination of equivalency of the program to standards established by an accrediting body recognized by the Council for Higher Education Accreditation or its successor or the United States Department of Education in order to qualify.
1. The program must assure that the student obtained knowledge of foundation areas of basic body systems and processes related to hearing and balance.
2. The program must assure that the student obtained skills for the diagnosis, management, and treatment of auditory and vestibular or balance conditions and diseases.
3. The program must assure that the student can effectively communicate with patients and other health care professionals.
4. The program must assure that the student obtained knowledge of professional ethical systems as they relate to the practice of audiology.
5. The program must assure that the student obtained clinical experiences that encompass the entire scope of practice and focus on the most current evidence-based practice.

The board may waive the education, practicum, and professional employment experience requirements for an applicant who received a professional education in another country if the board is satisfied that the applicant meets equivalent education and practicum requirements and passes the examination in audiology.

(4) The board, by rule, shall establish requirements for the renewal of a provisional license. However, a provisional license may not exceed a period of 24 months.
History.ss. 6, 31, ch. 90-134; s. 21, ch. 90-341; ss. 1, 10, ch. 90-345; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 102, ch. 92-149; s. 25, ch. 94-310; s. 113, ch. 97-264; s. 127, ch. 99-397; s. 114, ch. 2001-277; s. 1, ch. 2006-83; s. 16, ch. 2014-18.
468.1165 Professional employment experience requirement.Every applicant for licensure as a speech-language pathologist must demonstrate, prior to licensure, a minimum of 9 months of full-time professional employment, or the equivalent in part-time professional employment. Each applicant for licensure as an audiologist must demonstrate, prior to licensure, a minimum of 11 months of full-time professional employment, or the equivalent in part-time professional employment.
History.ss. 7, 31, ch. 90-134; s. 21, ch. 90-341; ss. 1, 10, ch. 90-345; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 2, ch. 2006-83; s. 38, ch. 2015-4.
468.1175 Examination.A person desiring to be licensed as a speech-language pathologist or an audiologist shall apply to the appropriate examining entity for examination. A person who fails an examination may make application for reexamination to the appropriate examining entity.
History.ss. 8, 31, ch. 90-134; s. 21, ch. 90-341; ss. 1, 10, ch. 90-345; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 103, ch. 92-149.
468.1185 Licensure.
(1) The department shall license any applicant whom the board certifies is qualified to practice speech-language pathology or audiology and who has paid the initial licensure fee.
(2) The board shall certify for licensure any applicant who has:
(a) Satisfied the education and supervised clinical requirements of s. 468.1155.
(b) Satisfied the professional experience requirement of s. 468.1165.
(c) Passed the licensure examination required by s. 468.1175.
(d) An applicant for an audiologist license who has obtained a doctoral degree in audiology has satisfied the education and supervised clinical requirements of paragraph (a) and the professional experience requirements of paragraph (b).
(3) The board shall certify as qualified for a license by endorsement as a speech-language pathologist or audiologist an applicant who:
(a) Holds a valid license or certificate in another state or territory of the United States to practice the profession for which the application for licensure is made, if the criteria for issuance of such license were substantially equivalent to or more stringent than the licensure criteria which existed in this state at the time the license was issued; or
(b) Holds a valid certificate of clinical competence of the American Speech-Language and Hearing Association or board certification in audiology from the American Board of Audiology.
(4) The board may refuse to certify any applicant who is under investigation in any jurisdiction for an act which would constitute a violation of this part or chapter 456 until the investigation is complete and disciplinary proceedings have been terminated.
(5) The board may refuse to certify any applicant who has violated any of the provisions of s. 468.1245.
History.ss. 9, 31, ch. 90-134; s. 21, ch. 90-341; ss. 1, 10, ch. 90-345; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 114, ch. 97-264; s. 77, ch. 98-166; s. 135, ch. 2000-160; s. 3, ch. 2006-83.
468.1195 Renewal of license or certificate; continuing education requirements; standards for approval of continuing education providers.
(1) The department shall renew a license or certificate upon receipt of the renewal application, renewal fee, and proof satisfactory to the board that the licensee or certificateholder has completed the continuing education requirements established by the board. A licensee or certificateholder who receives initial licensure or certification 6 months or less before the end of the biennial licensure cycle is exempt from the continuing education requirements for the first renewal of the license or certificate.
(2) The department shall adopt rules establishing a procedure for the biennial renewal of licenses and certificates.
(3) The board may prescribe by rule continuing education, not to exceed 60 hours biennially in each area of licensure or certification, as a condition for renewal of a license or a certificate. The board may establish by rule standards for the approval of such continuing education activities. The board may make exception from the requirements of continuing education in emergency or hardship cases.
(4) The board may establish by rule standards for the approval of providers of continuing education activities.
History.ss. 10, 31, ch. 90-134; s. 21, ch. 90-341; ss. 1, 10, ch. 90-345; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 185, ch. 94-119; s. 115, ch. 97-264.
468.1205 Inactive status; reactivation; continuing education; application procedures; renewal.
(1) The board shall prescribe by rule continuing education requirements as a condition of reactivating a license or certificate. The continuing education requirements for reactivating a license or certificate may not exceed 25 contact hours for each year the license was inactive in addition to the continuing education that was required for renewal on the date the license became inactive.
(2) The board shall adopt rules relating to application procedures for inactive status, the renewal of an inactive license or certificate, and the reactivation of an inactive license or certificate.
History.ss. 11, 31, ch. 90-134; s. 21, ch. 90-341; ss. 1, 10, ch. 90-345; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 186, ch. 94-119.
468.1215 Speech-language pathology assistant and audiology assistant; certification.
(1) The department shall issue a certificate as a speech-language pathology assistant to each applicant who the board certifies has:
(a) Completed the application form and remitted the required fees, including a nonrefundable application fee.
(b) Earned a bachelor’s degree from a college or university accredited by a regional association of colleges and schools recognized by the Department of Education which includes at least 24 semester hours of coursework as approved by the board at an institution accredited by an accrediting agency recognized by the Council for Higher Education Accreditation.
(2) The department shall issue a certificate as an audiology assistant to each applicant who the board certifies has:
(a) Completed the application form and remitted the required fees, including a nonrefundable application fee.
(b) Earned a high school diploma or its equivalent.
(3) An audiologist or speech-language pathologist who employs a speech-language assistant or audiology assistant must provide the assistant with a plan approved by the board for on-the-job training and must maintain responsibility for all services performed by the assistant. The board, by rule, shall establish minimum education and on-the-job training and supervision requirements for certification as a speech-language pathology assistant or audiology assistant.
(4) The provisions of this section shall not apply to any student, intern, or trainee performing speech-language pathology or audiology services while completing the supervised clinical experience as required in s. 468.1155.
History.ss. 12, 31, ch. 90-134; s. 21, ch. 90-341; ss. 1, 10, ch. 90-345; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 26, ch. 94-310; s. 117, ch. 97-264; s. 128, ch. 99-397; s. 115, ch. 2001-277; s. 4, ch. 2006-83.
468.1225 Procedures, equipment, and protocols.
(1) The following minimal procedures shall be used when a licensed audiologist fits and sells a prescription hearing aid:
(a) Pure tone audiometric testing by air and bone to determine the type and degree of hearing deficiency when indicated.
(b) Effective masking when indicated.
(c) Appropriate testing to determine speech reception thresholds, speech discrimination scores, the most comfortable listening levels, uncomfortable loudness levels, and the selection of the best fitting arrangement for maximum hearing aid benefit when indicated.
(2) The following equipment shall be used:
(a) A wide range audiometer that meets the specifications of the American National Standards Institute for diagnostic audiometers when indicated.
(b) A speech audiometer or a master hearing aid in order to determine the most comfortable listening level and speech discrimination when indicated.
(3) A final fitting ensuring physical and operational comfort of the prescription hearing aid shall be made when indicated.
(4) A licensed audiologist who fits and sells prescription hearing aids shall obtain the following medical clearance: If, upon inspection of the ear canal with an otoscope in the common procedure of fitting a prescription hearing aid and upon interrogation of the client, there is any recent history of infection or any observable anomaly, the client shall be instructed to see a physician, and a prescription hearing aid may not be fitted until medical clearance is obtained for the condition noted. If, upon return, the condition noted is no longer observable and the client signs a medical waiver, a prescription hearing aid may be fitted. Any person with a significant difference between bone conduction hearing and air conduction hearing must be informed of the possibility of medical or surgical correction.
(5)(a) A licensed audiologist’s office must have available, or have access to, a selection of prescription hearing aid models, hearing aid supplies, and services complete enough to accommodate the various needs of the hearing aid wearers.
(b) At the time of the initial examination for fitting and sale of a prescription hearing aid, the attending audiologist must notify the prospective purchaser of the benefits of telecoil, also known as “t” coil or “t” switch, technology, including increased access to telephones and noninvasive access to assistive listening systems required under the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.
(6) Unless otherwise indicated, each audiometric test conducted by a licensee or a certified audiology assistant in the fitting and selling of prescription hearing aids must be made in a testing room that has been certified by the department, or by an agent approved by the department, not to exceed the following sound pressure levels at the specified frequencies: 250Hz-40dB, 500Hz-40dB, 750Hz-40dB, 1000Hz-40dB, 1500Hz-42dB, 2000Hz-47dB, 3000Hz-52dB, 4000Hz-57dB, 6000Hz-62dB, and 8000Hz-67dB. An exception to this requirement shall be made in the case of a client who, after being provided written notice of the benefits and advantages of having the test conducted in a certified testing room, requests that the test be conducted in a place other than the licensee’s certified testing room. Such request must be documented by a waiver that includes the written notice and is signed by the licensee and the client before the testing. The waiver must be executed on a form provided by the department. The executed waiver must be attached to the client’s copy of the contract, and a copy of the executed waiver must be retained in the licensee’s file.
(7) The board may prescribe the minimum procedures and equipment used in the conducting of hearing assessments and for the fitting and selling of prescription hearing aids. The board shall adopt and enforce rules necessary to implement this subsection and subsection (6).
(8) Any duly authorized officer or employee of the department may make such inspections and investigations as necessary to determine the state of compliance with this section and the applicable rules and may enter the premises of a licensee and inspect the records of same upon reasonable belief that a violation of this law is being or has been committed or that the licensee has failed or is failing to comply with this part.
History.ss. 13, 31, ch. 90-134; s. 21, ch. 90-341; ss. 1, 10, ch. 90-345; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 104, ch. 92-149; ss. 187, 330, ch. 94-119; s. 3, ch. 94-160; s. 18, ch. 2023-71.
468.1245 Itemized listing of prices; delivery of prescription hearing aid; receipt; guarantee; packaging; disclaimer.
(1) Before delivery of services or products to a prospective purchaser, a licensee must disclose, upon request by the prospective purchaser, an itemized listing of prices, which must include separate price estimates for each service component and each product. Provision of such itemized listing of prices may not be predicated on the prospective purchaser’s payment of any charge or agreement to purchase any service or product.
(2) Any licensee who fits and sells a prescription hearing aid shall, at the time of delivery, provide the purchaser with a receipt containing the seller’s signature, the address of his or her regular place of business, and his or her license or certification number, if applicable, together with the brand, model, manufacturer or manufacturer’s identification code, and serial number of the prescription hearing aid furnished and the amount charged for the prescription hearing aid. The receipt must also specify whether the prescription hearing aid is new, used, or rebuilt; the length of time and other terms of the guarantee; and by whom the prescription hearing aid is guaranteed. When the client has requested an itemized list of prices, the receipt must also provide an itemization of the total purchase price, including, but not limited to, the cost of the aid, ear mold, batteries, and other accessories, and the cost of any services. Notice of the availability of this service must be displayed in a conspicuous manner in the office. The receipt must also state that any complaint concerning the prescription hearing aid and its guarantee, if not reconciled with the licensee from whom the prescription hearing aid was purchased, should be directed by the purchaser to the department. The address and telephone number of such office must be stated on the receipt.
(3) A prescription hearing aid may not be sold to any person unless both the packaging containing the prescription hearing aid and the contract provided pursuant to subsection (2) carry the following disclaimer in 10-point or larger type: “A hearing aid will not restore normal hearing, nor will it prevent further hearing loss.”
History.ss. 14, 31, ch. 90-134; s. 21, ch. 90-341; ss. 1, 10, ch. 90-345; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 105, ch. 92-149; s. 331, ch. 94-119; s. 4, ch. 94-160; s. 269, ch. 97-103; s. 118, ch. 97-264; s. 19, ch. 2023-71.
468.1246 Thirty-day trial period; purchaser’s right to cancel; notice; refund; cancellation fee.
(1) A person selling a prescription hearing aid in this state must provide the buyer with written notice of a 30-day trial period and money-back guarantee. The guarantee must permit the purchaser to cancel the purchase for a valid reason as defined by rule of the board within 30 days after receiving the prescription hearing aid, by returning the prescription hearing aid or mailing written notice of cancellation to the seller. If the prescription hearing aid must be repaired, remade, or adjusted during the 30-day trial period, the running of the 30-day trial period is suspended 1 day for each 24-hour period that the prescription hearing aid is not in the purchaser’s possession. A repaired, remade, or adjusted prescription hearing aid must be claimed by the purchaser within 3 working days after notification of availability. The running of the 30-day trial period resumes on the day the purchaser reclaims a repaired, remade, or adjusted prescription hearing aid or on the 4th day after notification of availability.
(2) The board, in consultation with the Board of Hearing Aid Specialists, shall prescribe by rule the terms and conditions to be contained in the money-back guarantee and any exceptions thereto. Such rule must provide, at a minimum, that the charges for earmolds and service provided to fit the prescription hearing aid may be retained by the licensee. The rules must also set forth any reasonable charges to be held by the licensee as a cancellation fee. The terms and conditions of the guarantee, including the total amount available for refund, must be provided in writing to the purchaser before the signing of the contract.
History.s. 332, ch. 94-119; s. 5, ch. 94-160; s. 20, ch. 2023-71.
468.1255 Cancellation by medical authorization; purchaser’s right to return.
(1) In addition to any other rights and remedies the purchaser of a prescription hearing aid may have, the purchaser has the right to rescind the transaction if the purchaser for whatever reason consults a licensed physician with specialty board certification in otolaryngology or internal medicine or a licensed family practice physician, subsequent to purchasing a prescription hearing aid, and the physician certifies in writing that the purchaser has a hearing impairment for which a prescription hearing aid will not provide a benefit or that the purchaser has a medical condition which contraindicates the use of a prescription hearing aid.
(2) The purchaser of a prescription hearing aid has the right to rescind as provided in subsection (1) only if the purchaser gives a written notice of the intent to rescind the transaction to the seller at the seller’s place of business by certified mail, return receipt requested, which notice shall be posted not later than 60 days following the date of delivery of the prescription hearing aid to the purchaser, and the purchaser returns the prescription hearing aid to the seller in the original condition less normal wear and tear.
(3) If the conditions of subsections (1) and (2) are met, the seller must, without request, refund to the purchaser, within 10 days after the receipt of notice to rescind, a full and complete refund of all moneys received, less 5 percent. The purchaser does not incur any additional liability for rescinding the transaction.
History.ss. 15, 31, ch. 90-134; s. 21, ch. 90-341; ss. 1, 10, ch. 90-345; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 21, ch. 2023-71.
468.1265 Sale or distribution of prescription hearing aids through mail; penalty.It is unlawful for any person to sell or distribute prescription hearing aids through the mail to the ultimate consumer. Any person who violates this section commits a misdemeanor of the second degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083.
History.ss. 16, 31, ch. 90-134; s. 21, ch. 90-341; ss. 1, 10, ch. 90-345; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 106, ch. 92-149; s. 37, ch. 95-144; s. 22, ch. 2023-71.
468.1275 Place of business; display of license.Each licensee who fits and sells a prescription hearing aid shall declare and establish a regular place of business, at which his or her license shall be conspicuously displayed.
History.ss. 17, 31, ch. 90-134; s. 21, ch. 90-341; ss. 1, 10, ch. 90-345; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 270, ch. 97-103; s. 23, ch. 2023-71.
468.1285 Prohibitions; penalties.
(1) No person shall knowingly:
(a) Practice speech-language pathology or audiology, unless the person is licensed pursuant to this part.
(b) Use terms such as, but not limited to: “speech pathologist,” “speech therapy,” “speech therapist,” “speech correction,” “speech correctionist,” “speech clinic,” “speech clinician,” “language pathology,” “language pathologist,” “voice therapist,” “voice pathology,” “voice pathologist,” “logopedics,” “logopedist,” “communicology,” “communicologist,” “cognitive communication therapy,” “cognitive communication therapist,” “aphasiologist,” or “phoniatrist,” or any title, designation, words, letters, abbreviations, or device tending to indicate that such person holds an active license as a speech-language pathologist when the person is not licensed as a speech-language pathologist pursuant to this part.
(c) Use terms such as, but not limited to: “audiology,” “audiologist,” “audiometrist,” “audiological,” “hearing therapy,” “hearing therapist,” “hearing clinic,” “hearing clinician,” “hearing aid audiologist,” “aural habilitationalist,” “aural rehabilitationalist,” or any title, designation, words, letters, abbreviations, or device tending to indicate that such person holds an active license as an audiologist when the person is not licensed as an audiologist pursuant to this part.
(d) Present as his or her own the license of another.
(e) Use or attempt to use a license to practice speech-language pathology or audiology which has been suspended, revoked, or placed on inactive or delinquent status.
(f) Give false or forged evidence to the board or a member thereof.
(g) Employ unlicensed persons in the practice of speech-language pathology or audiology.
(h) Sell or fraudulently obtain or furnish any speech-language pathology or audiology diploma, license, or record of registration, or aid or abet in the same.
(i) Conceal information relative to violations of this part.
(2) Any person who is convicted of a violation of this section commits a misdemeanor of the second degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083.
History.ss. 18, 31, ch. 90-134; s. 21, ch. 90-341; ss. 1, 10, ch. 90-345; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 188, ch. 94-119; s. 271, ch. 97-103.
468.1295 Disciplinary proceedings.
(1) The following acts constitute grounds for denial of a license or disciplinary action, as specified in s. 456.072(2):
(a) Procuring, or attempting to procure, a license by bribery, by fraudulent misrepresentation, or through an error of the department or the board.
(b) Having a license revoked, suspended, or otherwise acted against, including denial of licensure, by the licensing authority of another state, territory, or country.
(c) Being convicted or found guilty of, or entering a plea of nolo contendere to, regardless of adjudication, a crime in any jurisdiction which directly relates to the practice of speech-language pathology or audiology.
(d) Making or filing a report or record which the licensee knows to be false, intentionally or negligently failing to file a report or records required by state or federal law, willfully impeding or obstructing such filing, or inducing another person to impede or obstruct such filing. Such report or record shall include only those reports or records which are signed in one’s capacity as a licensed speech-language pathologist or audiologist.
(e) Advertising goods or services in a manner which is fraudulent, false, deceptive, or misleading in form or content.
(f) Being proven guilty of fraud or deceit or of negligence, incompetency, or misconduct in the practice of speech-language pathology or audiology.
(g) Violating a lawful order of the board or department previously entered in a disciplinary hearing, or failing to comply with a lawfully issued subpoena of the board or department.
(h) Practicing with a revoked, suspended, inactive, or delinquent license.
(i) Using, or causing or promoting the use of, any advertising matter, promotional literature, testimonial, guarantee, warranty, label, brand, insignia, or other representation, however disseminated or published, which is misleading, deceiving, or untruthful.
(j) Showing or demonstrating or, in the event of sale, delivery of a product unusable or impractical for the purpose represented or implied by such action.
(k) Failing to submit to the board on an annual basis, or such other basis as may be provided by rule, certification of testing and calibration of such equipment as designated by the board and on the form approved by the board.
(l) Aiding, assisting, procuring, employing, or advising any licensee or business entity to practice speech-language pathology or audiology contrary to this part, chapter 456, or any rule adopted pursuant thereto.
(m) Misrepresenting the professional services available in the fitting, sale, adjustment, service, or repair of a hearing aid, or using any other term or title which might connote the availability of professional services when such use is not accurate.
(n) Representing, advertising, or implying that a hearing aid or its repair is guaranteed without providing full disclosure of the identity of the guarantor; the nature, extent, and duration of the guarantee; and the existence of conditions or limitations imposed upon the guarantee.
(o) Representing, directly or by implication, that a hearing aid utilizing bone conduction has certain specified features, such as the absence of anything in the ear or leading to the ear, or the like, without disclosing clearly and conspicuously that the instrument operates on the bone conduction principle and that in many cases of hearing loss this type of instrument may not be suitable.
(p) Stating or implying that the use of any hearing aid will improve or preserve hearing or prevent or retard the progression of a hearing impairment or that it will have any similar or opposite effect.
(q) Making any statement regarding the cure of the cause of a hearing impairment by the use of a hearing aid.
(r) Representing or implying that a hearing aid is or will be “custom-made,” “made to order,” or “prescription-made,” or in any other sense specially fabricated for an individual, when such is not the case.
(s) Canvassing from house to house or by telephone, either in person or by an agent, for the purpose of selling a hearing aid, except that contacting persons who have evidenced an interest in hearing aids, or have been referred as in need of hearing aids, shall not be considered canvassing.
(t) Failing to notify the department in writing of a change in current mailing and place-of-practice address within 30 days after such change.
(u) Failing to provide all information as described in ss. 468.1225(5)(b), 468.1245(1), and 468.1246.
(v) Exercising influence on a client in such a manner as to exploit the client for financial gain of the licensee or of a third party.
(w) Practicing or offering to practice beyond the scope permitted by law or accepting and performing professional responsibilities the licensee or certificateholder knows, or has reason to know, the licensee or certificateholder is not competent to perform.
(x) Aiding, assisting, procuring, or employing any unlicensed person to practice speech-language pathology or audiology.
(y) Delegating or contracting for the performance of professional responsibilities by a person when the licensee delegating or contracting for performance of such responsibilities knows, or has reason to know, such person is not qualified by training, experience, and authorization to perform them.
(z) Committing any act upon a patient or client which would constitute sexual battery or which would constitute sexual misconduct as defined pursuant to s. 468.1296.
(aa) Being unable to practice the profession for which he or she is licensed or certified under this chapter with reasonable skill or competence as a result of any mental or physical condition or by reason of illness, drunkenness, or use of drugs, narcotics, chemicals, or any other substance. In enforcing this paragraph, upon a finding by the State Surgeon General, his or her designee, or the board that probable cause exists to believe that the licensee or certificateholder is unable to practice the profession because of the reasons stated in this paragraph, the department shall have the authority to compel a licensee or certificateholder to submit to a mental or physical examination by a physician, psychologist, clinical social worker, marriage and family therapist, or mental health counselor designated by the department or board. If the licensee or certificateholder refuses to comply with the department’s order directing the examination, such order may be enforced by filing a petition for enforcement in the circuit court in the circuit in which the licensee or certificateholder resides or does business. The department shall be entitled to the summary procedure provided in s. 51.011. A licensee or certificateholder affected under this paragraph shall at reasonable intervals be afforded an opportunity to demonstrate that he or she can resume the competent practice for which he or she is licensed or certified with reasonable skill and safety to patients.
(bb) Violating any provision of this chapter or chapter 456, or any rules adopted pursuant thereto.
(2) The board may enter an order denying licensure or imposing any of the penalties in s. 456.072(2) against any applicant for licensure or licensee who is found guilty of violating any provision of subsection (1) of this section or who is found guilty of violating any provision of s. 456.072(1).
(3) The department shall reissue the license or certificate which has been suspended or revoked upon certification by the board that the licensee or certificateholder has complied with all of the terms and conditions set forth in the final order.
History.ss. 19, 31, ch. 90-134; s. 21, ch. 90-341; ss. 1, 10, ch. 90-345; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 189, ch. 94-119; s. 119, ch. 97-264; s. 78, ch. 98-166; s. 136, ch. 2000-160; s. 46, ch. 2000-318; s. 37, ch. 2001-277; s. 13, ch. 2005-240; s. 89, ch. 2008-6.
468.1296 Sexual misconduct.Sexual misconduct by any person licensed or certified in the practice of his or her profession is prohibited. Sexual misconduct means to induce or to attempt to induce the patient to engage, or to engage or to attempt to engage the patient, in sexual activity outside the scope of practice or the scope of generally accepted examination or treatment of the patient.
History.s. 120, ch. 97-264.
468.1315 Saving clauses.
(1) No judicial or administrative proceeding pending pursuant to part I of chapter 468, Florida Statutes, 1989, on October 1, 1990, shall be abated as a result of the repeal of ss. 468.139, 468.140, 468.141, 468.142, 468.1425, 468.143, 468.144, 468.145, 468.146, 468.147, 468.148, and 468.149. In any such unabated proceeding, the Board of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology and the department shall be deemed parties in interest and shall be made parties to the proceeding.
(2) Certificates of registration and provisional registration issued pursuant to part I of chapter 468, Florida Statutes 1989, which are in effect on September 30, 1990, shall remain in effect pursuant to the provisions of this part.
History.ss. 21, 31, ch. 90-134; s. 21, ch. 90-341; ss. 1, 10, ch. 90-345; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 132, ch. 94-218.
PART II
NURSING HOME ADMINISTRATION
468.1635 Purpose.
468.1645 Administrator license required.
468.1655 Definitions.
468.1665 Board of Nursing Home Administrators; membership; appointment; terms.
468.1675 Board headquarters.
468.1685 Powers and duties of board and department.
468.1695 Licensure by examination.
468.1705 Licensure by endorsement; temporary license.
468.1715 Renewal of license.
468.1725 Inactive status.
468.1735 Provisional license.
468.1745 Prohibitions; penalties.
468.1755 Disciplinary proceedings.
468.1756 Statute of limitations.
468.1635 Purpose.The sole legislative purpose for enacting this chapter is to ensure that every nursing home administrator practicing in this state meets minimum requirements for safe practice. It is the legislative intent that nursing home administrators who fall below minimum competency or who otherwise present a danger to the public shall be prohibited from practicing in this state.
History.ss. 1, 2, ch. 79-227; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 1, 16, 17, ch. 86-223; s. 61, ch. 91-137; s. 10, ch. 91-156; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
468.1645 Administrator license required.
(1) No nursing home in the state may operate unless it is under the management of a nursing home administrator who holds a currently valid license, provisional license, or temporary license.
(2) Nothing in this part or in the rules adopted hereunder shall require an administrator of any facility or institution operated by and for persons who rely exclusively upon treatment by spiritual means through prayer, in accordance with the creed or tenets of any organized church or religious denomination, to be licensed as a nursing home administrator if the administrator is employed only to administer in such facilities or institutions for the care and treatment of the sick.
History.ss. 1, 2, ch. 79-227; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 2, 16, 17, ch. 86-223; s. 2, ch. 88-411; s. 61, ch. 91-137; s. 10, ch. 91-156; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 108, ch. 97-261; s. 1, ch. 97-264.
468.1655 Definitions.As used in this part:
(1) “Board” means the Board of Nursing Home Administrators.
(2) “Department” means the Department of Health.
(3) “Nursing home administrator” means a person who is licensed to engage in the practice of nursing home administration in this state under the authority of this part.
(4) “Practice of nursing home administration” means any service requiring nursing home administration education, training, or experience and the application of such to the planning, organizing, staffing, directing, and controlling of the total management of a nursing home. A person shall be construed to practice or to offer to practice nursing home administration who:
(a) Practices any of the above services.
(b) Holds himself or herself out as able to perform, or does perform, any form of nursing home administration by written or verbal claim, sign, advertisement, letterhead, or card; or in any other way represents himself or herself to be, or implies that he or she is, a nursing home administrator.
(5) “Nursing home” means an institution or facility licensed as such under part II of chapter 400.
History.ss. 1, 2, ch. 79-227; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 3, 16, 17, ch. 86-223; s. 61, ch. 91-137; s. 10, ch. 91-156; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 133, ch. 94-218; s. 272, ch. 97-103; s. 121, ch. 97-264; s. 124, ch. 2000-153.
468.1665 Board of Nursing Home Administrators; membership; appointment; terms.
(1) The Board of Nursing Home Administrators is created within the department and shall consist of seven members, to be appointed by the Governor and confirmed by the Senate to a term of 4 years or for a term to complete an unexpired vacancy.
(2) Three members of the board must be licensed nursing home administrators. Two members of the board must be health care practitioners. The remaining two members of the board must be laypersons who are not, and have never been, nursing home administrators or members of any health care profession or occupation. At least one member of the board must be 60 years of age or older.
(3) Only board members who are nursing home administrators may have a direct financial interest in any nursing home.
(4) All provisions of chapter 456 relating to activities of regulatory boards shall apply.
History.ss. 1, 2, ch. 79-227; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; s. 36, ch. 83-329; ss. 4, 16, 17, ch. 86-223; s. 19, ch. 87-172; s. 61, ch. 91-137; s. 10, ch. 91-156; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 134, ch. 94-218; s. 79, ch. 98-166; s. 137, ch. 2000-160.
468.1675 Board headquarters.The board shall maintain its official headquarters in the City of Tallahassee.
History.ss. 1, 2, ch. 79-227; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 16, 17, ch. 86-223; s. 61, ch. 91-137; s. 10, ch. 91-156; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
468.1685 Powers and duties of board and department.It is the function and duty of the board, together with the department, to:
(1) Adopt rules pursuant to ss. 120.536(1) and 120.54 to implement the provisions of this part conferring duties upon the board.
(2) Develop, impose, and enforce specific standards within the scope of the general qualifications established by this part which must be met by individuals in order to receive licenses as nursing home administrators. These standards shall be designed to ensure that nursing home administrators are individuals of good character and otherwise suitable and, by training or experience in the field of institutional administration, qualified to serve as nursing home administrators.
(3) Develop by appropriate techniques, including examinations and investigations, a method for determining whether an individual meets such standards.
(4) Issue licenses to qualified individuals meeting the standards of the board and revoke or suspend licenses previously issued by the board when the individual holding such license is determined to have failed to conform substantially to the requirements of such standards.
(5) Establish and carry out procedures, by rule, designed to ensure that licensed nursing home administrators will comply with standards adopted by the board.
(6) Receive, investigate, and take appropriate action with respect to any charge or complaint filed with the department to the effect that a licensed nursing home administrator has failed to comply with the requirements or standards adopted by the board.
(7) Conduct a continuing study and investigation of nursing homes and administrators of nursing homes in order to improve the standards imposed for the licensing of such administrators and the procedures and methods for enforcing such standards with respect to administrators of nursing homes who have been licensed as such.
(8) Set up procedures by rule for advising and acting together with the Department of Health and other boards of other health professions in matters affecting procedures and methods for effectively enforcing the purpose of this part and the administration of chapters 400 and 429.
History.ss. 1, 2, ch. 79-227; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 5, 16, 17, ch. 86-223; s. 61, ch. 91-137; s. 10, ch. 91-156; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 132, ch. 98-200; s. 228, ch. 99-8; s. 93, ch. 2006-197.
468.1695 Licensure by examination.
(1) Any person desiring to be licensed as a nursing home administrator shall apply to the department to take the licensure examination. The examination shall be given at least two times a year and shall include, but not be limited to, questions on the subjects of nursing home administration such as:
(a) Applicable standards of nursing home health and safety;
(b) Federal, state, and local health and safety laws and rules;
(c) General administration;
(d) Psychology of patient care;
(e) Principles of medical care;
(f) Personal and social care;
(g) Therapeutic and supportive care and services in long-term care;
(h) Departmental organization and management;
(i) Community interrelationships; and
(j) Terminology.

The board may, by rule, adopt use of a national examination in lieu of part or all of the examination required by this part.

(2) The department shall examine each applicant who the board certifies has completed the application form and remitted an examination fee set by the board not to exceed $250 and who:
(a)1. Holds a baccalaureate degree from an accredited college or university and majored in health care administration, health services administration, or an equivalent major, or has credit for at least 60 semester hours in subjects, as prescribed by rule of the board, which prepare the applicant for total management of a nursing home; and
2. Has fulfilled the requirements of a college-affiliated or university-affiliated internship in nursing home administration or of a 1,000-hour nursing home administrator-in-training program prescribed by the board; or
(b)1. Holds a baccalaureate degree from an accredited college or university; and
2.a. Has fulfilled the requirements of a 2,000-hour nursing home administrator-in-training program prescribed by the board; or
b. Has 1 year of management experience allowing for the application of executive duties and skills, including the staffing, budgeting, and directing of resident care, dietary, and bookkeeping departments within a skilled nursing facility, hospital, hospice, assisted living facility with a minimum of 60 licensed beds, or geriatric residential treatment program and, if such experience is not in a skilled nursing facility, has fulfilled the requirements of a 1,000-hour nursing home administrator-in-training program prescribed by the board.
(3) The department shall issue a license to practice nursing home administration to any applicant who successfully completes the examination in accordance with this section and otherwise meets the requirements of this part. The department shall not issue a license to any applicant who is under investigation in this state or another jurisdiction for an offense which would constitute a violation of s. 468.1745 or s. 468.1755. Upon completion of the investigation, the provisions of s. 468.1755 shall apply.
(4) The board may by rule establish a preceptor certification and recertification fee not to exceed $100 which shall be remitted by those individuals seeking board approval to act as preceptors in administrator-in-training programs as prescribed by the board. Said fee may be charged at the time of application for initial certification and at the time of application for recertification. The board may by rule establish a trainee application fee not to exceed $500 to defray the costs of the board’s supervision of the administrator-in-training program, to be remitted by those individuals seeking to undergo a board prescribed administrator-in-training program.
History.ss. 1, 2, ch. 79-227; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 6, 13, 14, 16, 17, ch. 86-223; s. 17, ch. 88-205; s. 68, ch. 89-374; s. 23, ch. 90-134; s. 3, ch. 90-345; s. 61, ch. 91-137; s. 10, ch. 91-156; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 31, ch. 92-173; s. 5, ch. 93-259; s. 193, ch. 94-119; s. 40, ch. 95-210; s. 122, ch. 97-264; s. 25, ch. 99-394; s. 125, ch. 2000-153; s. 84, ch. 2001-277; s. 43, ch. 2012-160.
468.1705 Licensure by endorsement; temporary license.
(1) The department shall issue a license by endorsement to any applicant who, upon applying to the department and remitting a fee set by the board not to exceed $500, demonstrates to the board that he or she:
(a) Meets one of the following requirements:
1. Holds a valid active license to practice nursing home administration in another state of the United States, provided that the current requirements for licensure in that state are substantially equivalent to, or more stringent than, current requirements in this state; or
2. Meets the qualifications for licensure in s. 468.1695; and
(b)1. Has successfully completed a national examination which is substantially equivalent to, or more stringent than, the examination given by the department;
2. Has passed an examination on the laws and rules of this state governing the administration of nursing homes; and
3. Has worked as a fully licensed nursing home administrator for 2 years within the 5-year period immediately preceding the application by endorsement.
(2) National examinations for licensure as a nursing home administrator shall be presumed to be substantially equivalent to, or more stringent than, the examination and requirements in this state, unless found otherwise by rule of the board.
(3) The department shall not issue a license by endorsement or a temporary license to any applicant who is under investigation in this or another state for any act which would constitute a violation of this part until such time as the investigation is complete and disciplinary proceedings have been terminated.
(4) A temporary license may be issued one time only to an applicant who has filed an application for licensure by endorsement and has paid the fee for the next laws and rules examination offered in this state, and who meets all of the following requirements:
(a) Has filed an application for a temporary license and paid a fee not to exceed $750.
(b) Meets the requirements of subsection (1) or s. 468.1695.
(c) Has worked as a fully licensed nursing home administrator for 2 years within the 5-year period immediately preceding application for a temporary license.

A temporary license shall be valid for the nursing home administrator applicant only at the facility for which it is issued and shall not be transferred to another facility or to another applicant. An applicant shall not be eligible to reapply for a temporary license or an extension of a temporary license. The applicant must take and pass the next laws and rules examination offered in this state following issuance of a temporary license. The temporary license is valid until the results of the examination are certified by the board and the applicant is notified.

History.ss. 1, 2, ch. 79-227; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 9, 42, ch. 82-179; s. 91, ch. 83-218; ss. 37, 119, ch. 83-329; ss. 7, 16, 17, ch. 86-223; s. 39, ch. 89-162; s. 24, ch. 90-134; s. 4, ch. 90-345; s. 61, ch. 91-137; s. 10, ch. 91-156; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 273, ch. 97-103.
468.1715 Renewal of license.
(1) The department shall renew a license upon receipt of the renewal application and fee.
(2) The department shall adopt rules establishing a procedure for the biennial renewal of licenses.
(3) The board may by rule prescribe continuing education, not to exceed 40 hours biennially, as a condition for renewal of a license or certificate. The board shall by rule establish criteria for the approval of such programs or courses. The programs or courses approved by the board shall include correspondence courses that meet the criteria for continuing education courses held in a classroom setting. The board may establish by rule an application fee not to exceed $100 for anyone seeking approval to provide continuing education courses and may provide by rule a fee not to exceed $50 for renewal of providership.
History.ss. 1, 2, ch. 79-227; s. 2, ch. 80-291; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 8, 16, 17, ch. 86-223; s. 69, ch. 89-374; s. 61, ch. 91-137; s. 10, ch. 91-156; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 190, ch. 94-119.
468.1725 Inactive status.
(1) The board shall prescribe by rule continuing education requirements as a condition of reactivating a license. The continuing education requirements for reactivating a license may not exceed 20 classroom hours for each year the license was inactive, in addition to completion of the number of hours required for renewal on the date the license became inactive.
(2) The board shall adopt rules relating to application procedures for inactive status, for the renewal of inactive licenses, and for the reactivation of licenses. The board shall prescribe by rule an application fee for inactive status, a renewal fee for inactive status, a delinquency fee, and a fee for the reactivation of a license. None of these fees may exceed the biennial renewal fee established by the board for an active license.
(3) The department may not reactivate a license unless the inactive or delinquent licensee has paid any applicable biennial renewal or delinquency fee, or both, and a reactivation fee.
History.ss. 1, 2, ch. 79-227; s. 331, ch. 81-259; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; s. 102, ch. 83-329; ss. 9, 16, 17, ch. 86-223; s. 61, ch. 91-137; s. 10, ch. 91-156; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 191, ch. 94-119.
468.1735 Provisional license.The board may establish by rule requirements for issuance of a provisional license. A provisional license shall be issued only to fill a position of nursing home administrator that unexpectedly becomes vacant due to illness, sudden death of the administrator, or abandonment of position and shall be issued for one single period as provided by rule not to exceed 6 months. The department shall not issue a provisional license to any applicant who is under investigation in this state or another jurisdiction for an offense which would constitute a violation of s. 468.1745 or s. 468.1755. Upon completion of the investigation, the provisions of s. 468.1755 shall apply. The provisional license may be issued to a person who does not meet all of the licensing requirements established by this part, but the board shall by rule establish minimal requirements to ensure protection of the public health, safety, and welfare. The provisional license shall be issued to the person who is designated as the responsible person next in command in the event of the administrator’s departure. The board may set an application fee not to exceed $500 for a provisional license.
History.ss. 1, 2, ch. 79-227; s. 332, ch. 81-259; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 10, 42, ch. 82-179; ss. 10, 16, 17, ch. 86-223; s. 40, ch. 89-162; s. 61, ch. 91-137; s. 10, ch. 91-156; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 193, ch. 94-119; s. 25, ch. 99-394; s. 84, ch. 2001-277.
468.1745 Prohibitions; penalties.
(1) No person shall:
(a) Practice nursing home administration unless the person holds an active license to practice nursing home administration.
(b) Use the name or title “nursing home administrator” when the person has not been licensed pursuant to this act.
(c) Present as his or her own the license of another.
(d) Give false or forged evidence to the board or a member thereof for the purpose of obtaining a license.
(e) Use or attempt to use a nursing home administrator’s license which has been suspended or revoked.
(f) Knowingly employ unlicensed persons in the practice of nursing home administration.
(g) Knowingly conceal information relative to violations of this part.
(2) Any person who violates the provisions of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor of the second degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083.
History.ss. 1, 2, ch. 79-227; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 16, 17, ch. 86-223; s. 61, ch. 91-137; s. 10, ch. 91-156; s. 97, ch. 91-224; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 274, ch. 97-103.
468.1755 Disciplinary proceedings.
(1) The following acts constitute grounds for denial of a license or disciplinary action, as specified in s. 456.072(2):
(a) Violation of any provision of s. 456.072(1) or s. 468.1745(1).
(b) Attempting to procure a license to practice nursing home administration by bribery, by fraudulent misrepresentation, or through an error of the department or the board.
(c) Having a license to practice nursing home administration revoked, suspended, or otherwise acted against, including the denial of licensure, by the licensing authority of another state, territory, or country.
(d) Being convicted or found guilty, regardless of adjudication, of a crime in any jurisdiction which relates to the practice of nursing home administration or the ability to practice nursing home administration. Any plea of nolo contendere shall be considered a conviction for purposes of this part.
(e) Making or filing a report or record which the licensee knows to be false, intentionally failing to file a report or record required by state or federal law, willfully impeding or obstructing such filing, or inducing another person to impede or obstruct such filing. Such reports or records shall include only those which are signed in the capacity of a licensed nursing home administrator.
(f) Authorizing the discharge or transfer of a resident for a reason other than those provided in ss. 400.022 and 400.0255.
(g) Advertising goods or services in a manner which is fraudulent, false, deceptive, or misleading in form or content.
(h) Fraud or deceit, negligence, incompetence, or misconduct in the practice of nursing home administration.
(i) Violation of a lawful order of the board or department previously entered in a disciplinary hearing or failing to comply with a lawfully issued subpoena of the board or department.
(j) Practicing with a revoked, suspended, inactive, or delinquent license.
(k) Repeatedly acting in a manner inconsistent with the health, safety, or welfare of the patients of the facility in which he or she is the administrator.
(l) Being unable to practice nursing home administration with reasonable skill and safety to patients by reason of illness, drunkenness, use of drugs, narcotics, chemicals, or any other material or substance or as a result of any mental or physical condition. In enforcing this paragraph, upon a finding of the State Surgeon General or his or her designee that probable cause exists to believe that the licensee is unable to serve as a nursing home administrator due to the reasons stated in this paragraph, the department shall have the authority to issue an order to compel the licensee to submit to a mental or physical examination by a physician designated by the department. If the licensee refuses to comply with such order, the department’s order directing such examination may be enforced by filing a petition for enforcement in the circuit court where the licensee resides or serves as a nursing home administrator. The licensee against whom the petition is filed shall not be named or identified by initials in any public court records or documents, and the proceedings shall be closed to the public. The department shall be entitled to the summary procedure provided in s. 51.011. A licensee affected under this paragraph shall have the opportunity, at reasonable intervals, to demonstrate that he or she can resume the competent practice of nursing home administration with reasonable skill and safety to patients.
(m) Willfully or repeatedly violating any of the provisions of the law, code, or rules of the licensing or supervising authority or agency of the state or political subdivision thereof having jurisdiction of the operation and licensing of nursing homes.
(n) Paying, giving, causing to be paid or given, or offering to pay or to give to any person a commission or other valuable consideration for the solicitation or procurement, either directly or indirectly, of nursing home usage.
(o) Willfully permitting unauthorized disclosure of information relating to a patient or his or her records.
(p) Discriminating with respect to patients, employees, or staff on account of race, religion, color, sex, or national origin.
(q) Failing to implement an ongoing quality assurance program directed by an interdisciplinary team that meets at least every other month.
(r) Violating any provision of this chapter or chapter 456, or any rules adopted pursuant thereto.
(2) The board may enter an order denying licensure or imposing any of the penalties in s. 456.072(2) against any applicant for licensure or licensee who is found guilty of violating any provision of subsection (1) of this section or who is found guilty of violating any provision of s. 456.072(1).
(3) The department shall reissue the license of a disciplined licensee upon certification by the board that the disciplined licensee has complied with all of the terms and conditions set forth in the final order.
History.ss. 1, 2, ch. 79-227; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 11, 16, 17, ch. 86-223; s. 61, ch. 91-137; s. 10, ch. 91-156; s. 4, ch. 91-429; ss. 10, 192, ch. 94-119; s. 275, ch. 97-103; s. 80, ch. 98-166; s. 21, ch. 99-394; s. 138, ch. 2000-160; s. 27, ch. 2000-318; ss. 38, 83, ch. 2001-277; s. 14, ch. 2005-240; s. 90, ch. 2008-6.
468.1756 Statute of limitations.An administrative complaint may only be filed pursuant to s. 456.073 for an act listed in s. 468.1755(1)(c)-(q) within 4 years from the time of the incident giving rise to the complaint, or within 4 years from the time the incident is discovered or should have been discovered.
History.ss. 12, 17, ch. 86-223; s. 61, ch. 91-137; s. 10, ch. 91-156; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 193, ch. 94-119; s. 81, ch. 98-166; s. 26, ch. 99-394; s. 139, ch. 2000-160.
PART III
OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY
468.201 Short title; purpose.
468.203 Definitions.
468.204 Authority to adopt rules.
468.205 Board of Occupational Therapy Practice.
468.207 License required.
468.209 Requirements for licensure.
468.211 Examination for licensure.
468.213 Licensure by endorsement.
468.215 Issuance of license.
468.217 Denial of or refusal to renew license; suspension and revocation of license and other disciplinary measures.
468.219 Renewal of license; continuing education.
468.221 Fees.
468.223 Prohibitions; penalties.
468.225 Exemptions.
468.201 Short title; purpose.
(1) This act shall be known and may be cited as the “Occupational Therapy Practice Act.”
(2) It is the purpose of this act to provide for the regulation of persons offering occupational therapy services to the public in order to:
(a) Safeguard the public health, safety, and welfare.
(b) Protect the public from being misled by incompetent, unscrupulous, and unauthorized persons.
(c) Assure the highest degree of professional conduct on the part of occupational therapists and occupational therapy assistants.
(d) Assure the availability of occupational therapy services of high quality to persons in need of such services.
History.ss. 1, 2, ch. 75-179; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 12, 13, ch. 84-4; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
468.203 Definitions.As used in this act, the term:
(1) “Association” means the Florida Occupational Therapy Association.
(2) “Board” means the Board of Occupational Therapy Practice.
(3) “Occupational therapist” means a person licensed to practice occupational therapy as defined in this act and whose license is in good standing.
(4) “Occupational therapy” means the therapeutic use of occupations through habilitation, rehabilitation, and the promotion of health and wellness with individuals, groups, or populations, along with their families or organizations, to support participation, performance, and function in the home, at school, in the workplace, in the community, and in other settings for clients who have, or who have been identified as being at risk of developing, an illness, an injury, a disease, a disorder, a condition, an impairment, a disability, an activity limitation, or a participation restriction.
(a) For the purposes of this subsection:
1. “Activities of daily living” means functions and tasks for self-care which are performed on a daily or routine basis, including functional mobility, bathing, dressing, eating and swallowing, personal hygiene and grooming, toileting, and other similar tasks.
2. “Assessment” means the use of skilled observation or the administration and interpretation of standardized or nonstandardized tests and measurements to identify areas for occupational therapy services.
3. “Health management” means therapeutic services designed to develop, manage, and maintain health and wellness routines, including self-management, performed with the goal of improving or maintaining health to support participation in occupations.
4. “Instrumental activities of daily living” means daily or routine activities a person must perform to live independently within the home and community.
5. “Occupational performance” means the ability to perceive, desire, recall, plan, and carry out roles, routines, tasks, and subtasks for the purpose of self-maintenance, self-preservation, productivity, leisure, and rest, for oneself or for others, in response to internal or external demands of occupations and contexts.
6. “Occupational therapy services in mental health” means occupation-based interventions and services for individuals, groups, populations, families, or communities to improve participation in daily occupations for individuals who are experiencing, are in recovery from, or are identified as being at risk of developing mental health conditions.
7. “Occupations” means meaningful and purposeful everyday activities performed and engaged in by individuals, groups, populations, families, or communities which occur in contexts and over time, such as activities of daily living, instrumental activities of daily living, health management, rest and sleep, education, work, play, leisure, and social participation. The term includes more specific occupations and the execution of multiple activities that are influenced by performance patterns, performance skills, and client factors, and that result in varied outcomes.
(b) The practice of occupational therapy includes, but is not limited to, the following services:
1. Assessment, treatment, and education of or consultation with individuals, groups, and populations whose abilities to participate safely in occupations, including activities of daily living, instrumental activities of daily living, rest and sleep, education, work, play, leisure, and social participation, are impaired or have been identified as being at risk of impairment due to issues related to, but not limited to, developmental deficiencies, the aging process, learning disabilities, physical environment and sociocultural context, physical injury or disease, cognitive impairments, or psychological and social disabilities.
2. Methods or approaches used to determine abilities and limitations related to performance of occupations, including, but not limited to, the identification of physical, sensory, cognitive, emotional, or social deficiencies.
3. Specific occupational therapy techniques used for treatment which include, but are not limited to, training in activities of daily living; environmental modification; assessment of the need for the use of interventions such as the design, fabrication, and application of orthotics or orthotic devices; selecting, applying, and training in the use of assistive technology and adaptive devices; sensory, motor, and cognitive activities; therapeutic exercises; manual techniques; physical agent modalities; and occupational therapy services in mental health.
(c) The use of devices subject to 21 C.F.R. s. 801.109 and identified by the board is expressly prohibited except by an occupational therapist or occupational therapy assistant who has received training as specified by the board. The board shall adopt rules to carry out the purpose of this provision.
(5) “Occupational therapy aide” means a person who assists in the practice of occupational therapy, who works under the direct supervision of a licensed occupational therapist or occupational therapy assistant, and whose activities require a general understanding of occupational therapy pursuant to board rules.
(6) “Occupational therapy assistant” means a person licensed to assist in the practice of occupational therapy, who works under the supervision of an occupational therapist, and whose license is in good standing.
(7) “Person” means any individual, partnership, unincorporated organization, or corporate body, except that only an individual may be licensed under this act.
(8) “Supervision” means responsible supervision and control, with the licensed occupational therapist providing both initial direction in developing a plan of treatment and periodic inspection of the actual implementation of the plan. Such plan of treatment shall not be altered by the supervised individual without prior consultation with, and the approval of, the supervising occupational therapist. The supervising occupational therapist need not always be physically present or on the premises when the assistant is performing services; however, except in cases of emergency, supervision shall require the availability of the supervising occupational therapist for consultation with and direction of the supervised individual.
History.s. 3, ch. 75-179; s. 1, ch. 78-18; s. 333, ch. 81-259; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 1, 12, 13, ch. 84-4; s. 1, ch. 90-22; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 107, ch. 92-149; s. 123, ch. 97-264; s. 1, ch. 2022-30.
468.204 Authority to adopt rules.The board has authority to adopt rules pursuant to ss. 120.536(1) and 120.54 to implement the provisions of this part conferring duties upon it.
History.ss. 2, 13, ch. 84-4; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 133, ch. 98-200.
468.205 Board of Occupational Therapy Practice.
(1) There is created within the department the Board of Occupational Therapy Practice, composed of seven members appointed by the Governor, subject to confirmation by the Senate.
(2) Four members shall be licensed occupational therapists in good standing in this state who are residents of this state and have been engaged in the practice of occupational therapy for at least 4 years immediately prior to their appointment. One member shall be a licensed occupational therapy assistant in good standing in this state who is a resident of the state and has been engaged in the practice of occupational therapy for at least 4 years immediately prior to the appointment. Two members shall be consumers who are residents of the state who are not connected with the practice of occupational therapy.
(3) Within 90 days after the effective date of this act, the Governor shall appoint the board as follows:
(a) Two members for terms of 2 years each.
(b) Two members for terms of 3 years each.
(c) Three members for terms of 4 years each.
(4) As the terms of the members expire, the Governor shall appoint successors for terms of 4 years and such members shall serve until their successors are appointed.
(5) All provisions of chapter 456 relating to activities of the board shall apply.
History.s. 6, ch. 75-179; s. 171, ch. 77-104; s. 2, ch. 81-318; s. 1, ch. 82-46; s. 2, ch. 83-265; ss. 3, 12, 13, ch. 84-4; s. 2, ch. 90-22; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 124, ch. 97-264; s. 82, ch. 98-166; s. 140, ch. 2000-160.
468.207 License required.No person shall practice occupational therapy or hold himself or herself out as an occupational therapist or an occupational therapy assistant or as being able to practice occupational therapy or to render occupational therapy services in the state unless he or she is licensed in accordance with the provisions of this act.
History.s. 4, ch. 75-179; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 12, 13, ch. 84-4; s. 4, ch.