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Florida Statute 481.221 | Lawyer Caselaw & Research
F.S. 481.221 Case Law from Google Scholar
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The 2023 Florida Statutes

Title XXXII
REGULATION OF PROFESSIONS AND OCCUPATIONS
Chapter 481
ARCHITECTURE, INTERIOR DESIGN, AND LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE
View Entire Chapter
F.S. 481.221
481.221 Seals; display of certificate number.
(1) The board shall prescribe, by rule, one or more forms of seals to be used by registered architects holding valid certificates of registration.
(2) Each registered architect shall obtain one seal in a form approved by rule of the board and may, in addition, register her or his seal electronically in accordance with ss. 668.001-668.006. All final construction documents and instruments of service which include drawings, plans, specifications, or reports prepared or issued by the registered architect and being filed for public record shall bear the signature and seal of the registered architect who prepared or approved the document and the date on which they were sealed. The signature, date, and seal shall be evidence of the authenticity of that to which they are affixed. Final plans, specifications, or reports prepared or issued by a registered architect may be transmitted electronically and may be signed by the registered architect, dated, and sealed electronically with the seal in accordance with ss. 668.001-668.006.
(3) The board shall adopt a rule prescribing the distinctly different seals to be used by registered interior designers holding valid certificates of registration. Each registered interior designer shall obtain a seal as prescribed by the board, and all drawings, plans, specifications, or reports prepared or issued by the registered interior designer and being filed for public record shall bear the signature and seal of the registered interior designer who prepared or approved the document and the date on which they were sealed. The signature, date, and seal shall be evidence of the authenticity of that to which they are affixed. Final plans, specifications, or reports prepared or issued by a registered interior designer may be transmitted electronically and may be signed by the registered interior designer, dated, and sealed electronically with the seal in accordance with ss. 668.001-668.006.
(4) No registered architect shall affix, or permit to be affixed, her or his seal or signature to any final construction document or instrument of service which includes any plan, specification, drawing, or other document which depicts work which she or he is not competent to perform.
(5) No registered interior designer shall affix, or permit to be affixed, her or his seal or signature to any plan, specification, drawing, or other document which depicts work which she or he is not competent or registered to perform.
(6) No registered architect shall affix her or his signature or seal to any final construction document or instrument of service which includes drawings, plans, specifications, or architectural documents which were not prepared by her or him or under her or his responsible supervising control or by another registered architect and reviewed, approved, or modified and adopted by her or him as her or his own work according to rules adopted by the board.
(7) No registered interior designer shall affix her or his signature or seal to any plans, specifications, or other documents which were not prepared by her or him or under her or his responsible supervising control or by another registered interior designer and reviewed, approved, or modified and adopted by her or him as her or his own work according to rules adopted by the board.
(8) Final construction documents or instruments of service which include plans, drawings, specifications, or other architectural documents prepared by a registered architect as part of her or his architectural practice shall be of a sufficiently high standard to clearly and accurately indicate or illustrate all essential parts of the work to which they refer.
(9) Studies, drawings, specifications, and other related documents prepared by a registered interior designer in providing interior design services shall be of a sufficiently high standard to clearly and accurately indicate all essential parts of the work to which they refer.
(10) Each registered architect must include her or his license number in any newspaper, telephone directory, or other advertising medium used by the registered licensee. Each business organization must include the license number of the registered architect who serves as the qualifying agent for that business organization in any newspaper, telephone directory, or other advertising medium used by the business organization.
(11) When the certificate of registration of a registered architect or interior designer has been revoked or suspended by the board, the registered architect or interior designer shall surrender her or his seal to the secretary of the board within a period of 30 days after the revocation or suspension has become effective. If the certificate of the registered architect or interior designer has been suspended for a period of time, her or his seal shall be returned to her or him upon expiration of the suspension period.
(12) A person may not sign and seal by any means any final plan, specification, or report after her or his certificate of registration has expired or is suspended or revoked. A registered architect or interior designer whose certificate of registration is suspended or revoked shall, within 30 days after the effective date of the suspension or revocation, surrender her or his seal to the executive director of the board and confirm in writing to the executive director the cancellation of the registered architect’s or interior designer’s electronic signature in accordance with ss. 668.001-668.006. When a registered architect’s or interior designer’s certificate of registration is suspended for a period of time, her or his seal shall be returned upon expiration of the period of suspension.
History.ss. 12, 19, ch. 79-273; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 14, 23, 24, ch. 88-383; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 416, ch. 97-103; s. 1, ch. 2005-30; s. 2, ch. 2005-124; s. 50, ch. 2020-160.

F.S. 481.221 on Google Scholar

F.S. 481.221 on Casetext

Amendments to 481.221


Arrestable Offenses / Crimes under Fla. Stat. 481.221
Level: Degree
Misdemeanor/Felony: First/Second/Third

Current data shows no reason an arrest or criminal charge should have occurred directly under Florida Statute 481.221.



Annotations, Discussions, Cases:

10 Cases from Casetext:Date Descending

U.S. Supreme Court11th Cir. - Ct. App.11th Cir. - MD FL11th Cir. - ND FL11th Cir. - SD FLFed. Reg.Secondary Sources - All
  1. Fla. Stat. § 481.221(6) (cleaned up). And Chapter 481 explains generally “[t]he primary legislative purpose for enacting this part is to ensure that every architect practicing in this state meets minimum requirements for safe practice. It is the legislative intent that architects who fall below minimum competency or who otherwise present a danger to the public shall be prohibited from practicing in this state.” Fla. Stat. § 481.201 . Stated differently, Chapter 481 is concerned with ensuring that Florida architects meet minimal standards and imposes a licensing scheme to achieve this objective. And section 481.221 essentially prohibits architects from affixing their signature or seal to work not performed by them unless the work is “by another registered architect” and is “reviewed, approved, or modified and adopted” by the architect in accordance with “rules adopted by the board.” Rule 61G1-18.002 constitutes one of those rules and makes clear that the successor architect assumes liability for the “reviewed, approved, or modified and adopted” work. Both the rule and statute say nothing with regards to whether the original architect is released from liability.
  2. The majority seem to read section 481.219(1)(a) to say that where a corporation contracts to provide architectural services through licensees, every corporate employee performing services coming within the 481.203(6) definition of architecture must be licensed. I disagree. My reading of Chapter 481 and the rules enacted thereunder reveals a regulatory scheme which anticipates that much of the work done in an architect's office can be done by unlicensed persons, so long as the work of the unlicensed persons is performed "under [the licensed architect's] responsible supervising control." See section 481.221(4), Florida Statutes, and Rule 21B-18.001, Florida Administrative Code. Accordingly, I would construe the 481.219(1)(a) provision requiring all corporate personnel acting as architects to be licensed to mean that all work must be done either personally or under the responsible supervising control of a Florida licensed architect. This construction would more closely comport with the regulatory scheme of the chapter, and I believe it is consistent with the language of the paragraph.
    PAGE 1030
  3. City, Lynn Haven v. Bay Cty. Council

    528 So. 2d 1244 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 1988)   Cited 11 times
    Appellee points out that the project falls within the language of the CCNA because the project requires the use of architectural services as defined by Section 481.203(6), Florida Statutes. The architect cannot "rubber-stamp" his name to the plans, Section 481.221(4), Florida Statutes (1985), but will have to "prepare" the plans and make changes necessary to conform to building codes. The architect will be the City's representative under the American Institute of Architects' General Conditions.
    PAGE 1246
  4. The hearing officer concluded that with minor exceptions, Juhn's work was accepted as adequate by permitting officials, and no questions were raised as to basic deficiencies or inconsistencies between architectural and structural drawings, however, Juhn's documents did not comply with the statutory requirement to "clearly and accurately indicate the design of the structural elements and of all essential parts of the work to which they refer," because they did not reflect the basic structural design of the building. Regardless of apparent lack of confusion by the builders due to construction of similar projects, the plans were not of the "sufficiently high standard" required by the statute. For this reason, the hearing officer concluded grounds for discipline had been shown under Sections 481.221( 5) and 481.225(1)(e), and that the violation of Section 481.221( 5) also supported a finding of misconduct in the practice of architecture under Section 481.225(1)(i). In addition, Juhn had been negligent in the practice of architecture, as defined in Rule 12.01(4), Fla. Admin. Code, and for that reason was subject to discipline under Section 481.225(1)(i). The hearing…

Cases from cite.case.law:

ROSEN B. B. Di a a v. TENNESSEE COMMISSIONER OF FINANCE AND ADMINISTRATION,, 280 F. Supp. 2d 743 (M.D. Tenn. 2002)

. . . . § 481.221(b), the Defendant “may not limit ... the applicant’s request for a hearing.” . . .

O KON AND COMPANY, INC. v. A. RIEDEL, C. Jr. G. d b a RSW a, 588 So. 2d 1025 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 1991)

. . . See section 481.221(4), Florida Statutes, and Rule 21B-18.001, Florida Administrative Code. . . .

CITY OF LYNN HAVEN, v. BAY COUNTY COUNCIL OF REGISTERED ARCHITECTS, INC., 528 So. 2d 1244 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 1988)

. . . The architect cannot “rubber-stamp” his name to the plans, Section 481.221(4), Florida Statutes (1985 . . .

J. JUHN, v. DEPARTMENT OF PROFESSIONAL REGULATION,, 431 So. 2d 190 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 1983)

. . . The allegations were asserted to constitute cause for disciplinary action under Section 481.221(5), Florida . . . For this reason, the hearing officer concluded grounds for discipline had been shown under Sections 481.221 . . . (5) and 481.225(l)(e), and that the violation of Section 481.221(5) also supported a finding of misconduct . . . Section 481.221(5) Florida Statutes. . . . . Section 481.221(5) provides: Plans, drawings, specifications and other related documents prepared by . . .