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Florida Statute 812.13 | Lawyer Caselaw & Research
F.S. 812.13 Case Law from Google Scholar
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The 2023 Florida Statutes (including Special Session C)

Title XLVI
CRIMES
Chapter 812
THEFT, ROBBERY, AND RELATED CRIMES
View Entire Chapter
F.S. 812.13
812.13 Robbery.
(1) “Robbery” means the taking of money or other property which may be the subject of larceny from the person or custody of another, with intent to either permanently or temporarily deprive the person or the owner of the money or other property, when in the course of the taking there is the use of force, violence, assault, or putting in fear.
(2)(a) If in the course of committing the robbery the offender carried a firearm or other deadly weapon, then the robbery is a felony of the first degree, punishable by imprisonment for a term of years not exceeding life imprisonment or as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084.
(b) If in the course of committing the robbery the offender carried a weapon, then the robbery is a felony of the first degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084.
(c) If in the course of committing the robbery the offender carried no firearm, deadly weapon, or other weapon, then the robbery is a felony of the second degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084.
(3)(a) An act shall be deemed “in the course of committing the robbery” if it occurs in an attempt to commit robbery or in flight after the attempt or commission.
(b) An act shall be deemed “in the course of the taking” if it occurs either prior to, contemporaneous with, or subsequent to the taking of the property and if it and the act of taking constitute a continuous series of acts or events.
History.s. 1, ch. 28217, 1953; s. 1, ch. 29930, 1955; s. 839, ch. 71-136; s. 38, ch. 74-383; s. 29, ch. 75-298; s. 1, ch. 87-315; s. 1, ch. 92-155.
Note.Former s. 813.011.

F.S. 812.13 on Google Scholar

F.S. 812.13 on Casetext

Amendments to 812.13


Arrestable Offenses / Crimes under Fla. Stat. 812.13
Level: Degree
Misdemeanor/Felony: First/Second/Third

S812.13 2a - ROBBERY - WITH FIREARM - F: F
S812.13 2b - ROBBERY - WITH WEAPON - F: F
S812.13 2c - ROBBERY - NO FIREARM OR WEAPON - F: S



Annotations, Discussions, Cases:

Cases from cite.case.law:

UNITED STATES v. DINKINS,, 928 F.3d 349 (4th Cir. 2019)

. . . . § 812.13(1), constituted a predicate offense under that clause. See Stokeling , 139 S. . . . Stat. § 812.13(1) (defining Florida robbery as "the taking of money or other property ... from the person . . .

KLIKNO, v. UNITED STATES v. D. v. v. v. v., 928 F.3d 539 (7th Cir. 2019)

. . . . § 812.13(1). . . .

SMITH- PICKFORD, v. STATE, 273 So. 3d 1195 (Fla. App. Ct. 2019)

. . . See §§ 812.13(2)(a); 775.087(2); 777.04, Fla. Stat. (2018). . . .

TAYLOR v. UNITED STATES, 926 F.3d 939 (8th Cir. 2019)

. . . . § 812.13(1) (1995). . . . Stat. § 812.13(1), (3)(b) ; see Thomas v. State, 36 So. 3d 853, 854, 856 & n.3 (Fla. Dist. Ct. . . .

CORRALES VOLPI, v. STATE, 273 So. 3d 1149 (Fla. App. Ct. 2019)

. . . Appellant was convicted of the lesser included offense of robbery with a mask, pursuant to section 812.13 . . . (2)(c), Florida Statutes (2017), but the judgment and sentence erroneously cites to section 812.13(2) . . .

VITO, v. STATE, 270 So. 3d 1287 (Fla. App. Ct. 2019)

. . . habitual felony offender subject to a thirty-year maximum sentence for robbery without a weapon, see §§ 812.13 . . .

D. JONES, v. UNITED STATES, 922 F.3d 864 (8th Cir. 2019)

. . . . § 812.13(1) ). . . .

CHAMPAGNE a k a DOC v. STATE, 269 So. 3d 629 (Fla. App. Ct. 2019)

. . . was convicted of robbery with a firearm, a first-degree felony punishable by life in prison, see § 812.13 . . .

K. MITCHELL, v. STATE, 274 So. 3d 1136 (Fla. App. Ct. 2019)

. . . See § 812.13(2)(a), Fla. Stat. (2009). . . .

AGENOR, DOC v. STATE, 268 So. 3d 868 (Fla. App. Ct. 2019)

. . . In pertinent part, the State charged Agenor with three counts of robbery with a deadly weapon, see § 812.13 . . . Stat. (2015) ; one count of attempted robbery with a deadly weapon, see §§ 812.13, 777.04, Fla. . . .

BUTLER, Jr. v. STATE, 275 So. 3d 684 (Fla. App. Ct. 2019)

. . . See §§ 775.084(4)(c)(1), 812.13(2)(b), Fla. Stat. (1997) ; Davis v. . . .

JAMES, v. STATE, 264 So. 3d 982 (Fla. App. Ct. 2019)

. . . Statutes and robbery with a firearm of the victim's purse and its contents in violation of subsections 812.13 . . .

MCDONALD, v. STATE, 264 So. 3d 202 (Fla. App. Ct. 2019)

. . . . § 812.13(2)(b), Fla. Stat. (2015). . . .

GARCIA- HERNANDEZ, v. UNITED STATES, 915 F.3d 558 (8th Cir. 2019)

. . . . § 812.13(2)(b). This provision enhances a robbery defined in § 812.13(1). . . . Because an armed robbery conviction requires at least as much force as simple robbery under § 812.13( . . . Stat. § 812.13(1) qualifies under the force clause). . . .

UNITED STATES v. JONES,, 914 F.3d 893 (4th Cir. 2019)

. . . the Court considered the question of whether the Florida offense of robbery, as codified in section 812.13 . . . Section 812.13(1) defines "robbery" as "the taking of money or other property ... from the person or . . .

VON YOUNG, v. STATE, 266 So. 3d 1225 (Fla. App. Ct. 2019)

. . . . § 812.13(1), Fla. Stat. . . .

MCCRAY, v. STATE, 265 So. 3d 659 (Fla. App. Ct. 2019)

. . . ." § 812.13(1), Fla. Stat. . . .

STOKELING, v. UNITED STATES., 139 S. Ct. 544 (U.S. 2019)

. . . . § 812.13(1) (1995). . . . Stat. § 812.13(2)(a) (distinguishing armed robbery from robbery by requiring the additional element of . . . Stat. § 812.13(1). . . . Stat. § 812.13(1) (2017). . . . Stat. § 812.13(1). . . .

HOWARD, v. STATE, 259 So. 3d 323 (Fla. App. Ct. 2018)

. . . . § 812.13(2)(a), Fla. Stat. (2016). On remand, these scrivener's errors shall be corrected. . . .

IN RE STANDARD JURY INSTRUCTIONS IN CRIMINAL CASES- REPORT, 260 So. 3d 941 (Fla. 2018)

. . . APPENDIX 15.1 ROBBERY § 812.13, Fla. Stat. . . . Give only if applicable. § 812.13(3)(a), Fla. Stat. . . . With a firearm. § 812.13(2)(a), Fla. Stat. . . . With other weapon. § 812.13(2)(b), Fla. Stat. . . . Robbery with a 812.13(2)(b) 15.1 weapon Robbery 812.13(2)(c) 15.1 Petit theft - second 812.014(3)(a) . . .

SIMS, v. STATE, 260 So. 3d 509 (Fla. App. Ct. 2018)

. . . includes the elements of a charge of petit theft in that in proving a charge of robbery under section 812.13 . . .

ONIASSE, v. HERNANDEZ, 352 F. Supp. 3d 1186 (M.D. Fla. 2018)

. . . . § 812.13. . . .

JIMENEZ a k a v. STATE, 261 So. 3d 659 (Fla. App. Ct. 2018)

. . . See § 812.13(3)(b), Fla. . . .

TAYLOR, DOC v. STATE, 255 So. 3d 973 (Fla. App. Ct. 2018)

. . . See § 812.13(2)(a), Fla. Stat. (2014). . . .

WILLIAMS, v. STATE, 252 So. 3d 859 (Fla. App. Ct. 2018)

. . . See §§ 812.13(2)(a) & 810.02(2)(a)&(b), Fla. Stat. . . .

UNITED STATES v. PEREIRA- GOMEZ,, 903 F.3d 155 (2nd Cir. 2018)

. . . . § 812.13(1) ("from the person or custody of another"); Ga. . . .

MCMILLAN, v. STATE, 254 So. 3d 1002 (Fla. App. Ct. 2018)

. . . . §§ 812.13(2)(a), 812.133(2)(a), Fla. Stats. (1997). . . .

SULLIVAN, v. STATE, 254 So. 3d 1144 (Fla. App. Ct. 2018)

. . . See § 812.13, Fla. . . .

HARGRETT, v. STATE, 254 So. 3d 982 (Fla. App. Ct. 2018)

. . . Hargrett was charged with robbery under section 812.13(1), Florida Statutes (2010). . . . See § 812.13(3)(b). . . .

ROBINSON, v. STATE, 249 So. 3d 791 (Fla. App. Ct. 2018)

. . . . § 812.13(2)(b), Fla. Stat. (2015). . . .

MEEKS, v. STATE, 247 So. 3d 700 (Fla. App. Ct. 2018)

. . . Section 812.13(1), Florida Statutes, defines robbery as follows: "Robbery" means the taking of money . . . Section 812.13(2)(a) adds an element for armed robbery: "If in the course of committing the robbery the . . .

UNITED STATES v. DEITER,, 890 F.3d 1203 (10th Cir. 2018)

. . . . § 812.13, satisfies the ACCA's elements clause. . . .

MUSSON, v. STATE, 242 So. 3d 512 (Fla. App. Ct. 2018)

. . . Section 812.13, Florida Statutes (2012), states: (1) "Robbery" means the taking of money or other property . . .

KHAN, v. STATE, 243 So. 3d 506 (Fla. App. Ct. 2018)

. . . . § 812.13, Fla. Stat. (2015). He raises two issues on appeal. . . .

BONNER, v. STATE, 242 So. 3d 501 (Fla. App. Ct. 2018)

. . . While armed robbery is a first-degree felony, see section 812.13(2)(a), Fla. . . .

UNITED STATES v. LEE, v., 886 F.3d 1161 (11th Cir. 2018)

. . . . § 812.13(1). . . . See § 812.13(1). . . .

UNITED STATES v. JOYNER,, 882 F.3d 1369 (11th Cir. 2018)

. . . Stat. §§ 812.13(1), (2)(c), & 774.04. . . . Stat. § 812.13(1). . . . Id. § 812.13(2)(c). . . . Stat. § 812.13(1) ). . . . Stat. § 812.13(1). Id. The Lockley Court further noted that Florida's attempt statute in Fla. . . .

BROWNE, v. STATE, 239 So. 3d 171 (Fla. App. Ct. 2018)

. . . The State charged Browne with robbery with a weapon in violation of section 812.13(2)(b), Florida Statutes . . . Section 812.13(2) prohibits three types of robbery: simple robbery, robbery with a weapon, and robbery . . . Robbery with a weapon is a first-degree felony under section 812.13(2)(b). . . . a firearm or a "deadly weapon" is a first-degree felony punishable by life in prison under section 812.13 . . . While Dale may cast doubt on the use of chapter 790 to define a "weapon" under section 812.13(2), we . . .

DOUGLAS, v. STATE, 239 So. 3d 157 (Fla. App. Ct. 2018)

. . . See § 812.13(1). . . .

DAVIS, v. STATE v., 235 So. 3d 320 (Fla. 2018)

. . . both of Davis’s cases, the State charged Davis with robbery with a firearm in violation of section 812.13 . . .

UNITED STATES v. DONNELLY,, 710 F. App'x 335 (9th Cir. 2018)

. . . . § 812.13. . . . But under Geozos, which was decided after the district court ruled, convictions under § 812.13 do not . . .

SOLORIO- RUIZ, AKA AKA AKA AKA v. B. SESSIONS III,, 881 F.3d 733 (9th Cir. 2018)

. . . to a -pre-John-son memorandum disposition in the same case, that a robbery conviction under section 812.13 . . .

RICHARDS, IV, v. STATE, 237 So. 3d 426 (Fla. App. Ct. 2018)

. . . robbery with a firearm, but in the body, it did not allege the use of a firearm and it cited only section 812.13 . . .

NEWBHARD, v. STATE, 237 So. 3d 1075 (Fla. App. Ct. 2017)

. . . . § 812.13, Fla. Stat. (2012). . . . that "in the course of the taking there is the use of force, violence, assault, or putting in fear." § 812.13 . . . assault or putting in fear] and the act of taking constitute a continuous series of acts or events." § 812.13 . . .

KNIGHT, v. STATE, 253 So. 3d 22 (Fla. App. Ct. 2017)

. . . based on the taking of property "by force, violence, assault or putting in fear ... in violation of 812.13 . . . These are the elements of a simple robbery, a second-degree felony under section 812.13(2)(c), Florida . . . An armed robbery is committed, under section 812.13(2)(a), Florida Statutes (1977): "If in the course . . .

UNITED STATES v. L. HARRIS, a. k. a., 704 F. App'x 919 (11th Cir. 2017)

. . . . § 812.13(1), (2)(a) (1987). . . .

UNITED STATES v. JACKSON, v., 704 F. App'x 911 (11th Cir. 2017)

. . . . § 812.13 (1974), was not a “violent felony,” 18 U.S.C. § 924(e)(2)(B). . . . Stat. § 812.13, qualifies categorically as a violent felony under the elements clause of the Act. . . . Stat. § 812.13(1) (1974); id. § 812.13(1) (1987); see also Seabrooks, 839 F.3d at 1339 (“the robbery . . .

BELLEGARDE, v. STATE, 232 So. 3d 1124 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 2017)

. . . that a BB or pellet gun can be a deadly weapon for the purposes of the crime of robbery under section 812.13 . . .

UNITED STATES v. CLARET,, 713 F. App'x 863 (11th Cir. 2017)

. . . . § 924(e)(2)(B)(ii); and (2) Florida armed robbery, Florida Statutes § 812.13(2), was not a crime of . . . Stat. § 812.13(1), (2)(a). . . . See id § 812.13(2)(a). . . . In Lockley, this Court concluded that Florida robbery, under Florida Statutes § 812.13(1), qualifies . . . Additionally, this Court has repeatedly held that Florida armed robbery, under § 812.13(2), qualifies . . .

UNITED STATES v. WRIGHT,, 712 F. App'x 868 (11th Cir. 2017)

. . . . § 812.13. See United States v. Welch, 683 F.3d 1304, 1311 & n.29 (11th Cir. 2012) (citing cases). . . . In 1997, the Florida Supreme Court held mere snatching of property did not amount to robbery under § 812.13 . . .

REPRESS, v. UNITED STATES, 713 F. App'x 826 (11th Cir. 2017)

. . . . § 812.13(1) (1981). . . . Id. § 812.13(2)(a). The district court denied Repress’s claim based on United States v. . . . Stat. § 812.13(1), (2)(a)(1974). . . .

STATE v. PLUMMER,, 228 So. 3d 661 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 2017)

. . . . § 812.13 (2)(b), Fla. Stat. (2010). . . . Appellee was charged with a violation of section 812.13(2)(b), Florida Statutes, which provides that . . . deadly weapon, or other weapon is used during a robbery, then the offense is a second-degree felony. § 812.13 . . .

SHEPARD, v. STATE, 227 So. 3d 746 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 2017)

. . . was expressly limited to whether an automobile could be “carried” “as a deadly weapon under section 812.13 . . .

UNITED STATES v. PACE, v., 698 F. App'x 577 (11th Cir. 2017)

. . . reversal and remand because, in light of his convictions for Florida robbery pursuant to Florida Statute § 812.13 . . .

UNITED STATES v. SHOTWELL,, 708 F. App'x 989 (11th Cir. 2017)

. . . . § 812.13. See United States v. . . . 1997, the Florida Supreme Court held that mere snatching of property did not amount to robbery under § 812.13 . . . convict a defendant of Florida robbery, we pointed out that the Robinson court had made clear that the § 812.13 . . . only and did not involve the degree of physical force needed to sustain a robbery conviction under § 812.13 . . .

UNITED STATES v. P. GEOZOS,, 870 F.3d 890 (9th Cir. 2017)

. . . In January 1981, Defendant was convicted of armed robbery in violation of section 812.13(2)(a) of the . . . In June of that same year, he was convicted of robbery in violation of section 812.13 of the Florida . . . Stat. § 812.13(1) (1979)). . . . Stat. § 812.13(2)(a) (1981). . . . The Florida casélaw makes it clear that one can violate section 812.13 without using violent force. . . .

GUZMAN- AVILES, v. STATE, 226 So. 3d 339 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 2017)

. . . . § 812.13(2)(a), Fla. Stat. (2012). . § 316.1935(1), Fla. . . .

UNITED STATES v. EVERETTE,, 694 F. App'x 760 (11th Cir. 2017)

. . . . § 812.13 categorically qualifies as a “violent felony” under the ACCA’s elements clause), cert. denied . . . Stat. § 812.13 categorically qualifies as a “violent felony” under the ACCA), cert. denied, No. 16-8072 . . .

UNITED STATES v. WYCHE,, 266 F. Supp. 3d 885 (E.D. Va. 2017)

. . . . § 812.13(1): “Robbery” means the taking of money or other property which may be the subject of larceny . . .

UNITED STATES v. J. BURKE, Jr., 863 F.3d 1355 (11th Cir. 2017)

. . . Stat. 812.13(1), is a “crime of violence” under section 4B1.2(a)). IV. . . .

REETERS, v. J. ISRAEL,, 223 So. 3d 265 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 2017)

. . . Stat. (2016); § 812.13(2)(a), Fla. Stat. (2016). . . .

UNITED STATES v. WILLIAMS,, 700 F. App'x 895 (11th Cir. 2017)

. . . . § 812.13(1). In United States v. . . . Analyzing the least culpable of the acts in § 812.13(1), we stressed that “putting in fear” involves . . .

UNITED STATES v. BALFREY, a. k. a. Bo,, 696 F. App'x 450 (11th Cir. 2017)

. . . . § 812.13(1), is a predicate offense for the career-offender enhancement. . . .

HIMES, v. SECRETARY, FLORIDA DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS,, 690 F. App'x 640 (11th Cir. 2017)

. . . . § 812.13(2)(c), for robbing the Southeastern Bank in Nassau County, Florida, on December 8, 2006. ■ . . .

YOUNG, v. STATE, 219 So. 3d 206 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 2017)

. . . . § 812.13(2)(a), Fla. Stat. (2014). . . . .

GORDON, v. STATE, 219 So. 3d 189 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 2017)

. . . December 26, 2014, the State charged Gordon by information with one count of robbery pursuant to section 812.13 . . . temporarily or permanently deprive the above-named [victim] of the said' property, in violation of s. 812.13 . . . See §-812.13(3)(b); Rodriguez v. . . . of the property and if it and the act of taking constitute a continuous series of acts or events. § 812.13 . . .

UNITED STATES v. CONDE,, 686 F. App'x 755 (11th Cir. 2017)

. . . . § 812.13. . . . convict a defendant of Florida robbery, we pointed out that the Robinson Court had made clear that the § 812.13 . . . snatching was theft only and did not involve the force needed to sustain a robbery conviction under § 812.13 . . .

UNITED STATES v. COOPER,, 689 F. App'x 901 (11th Cir. 2017)

. . . . § 812.13, it concluded that the defendant “pleaded guilty to robbery at a time when mere snatching . . .

UNITED STATES v. PETERKIN,, 686 F. App'x 718 (11th Cir. 2017)

. . . . § 812.13(1)) and aggravated assault (Fla. . . . Lockley, 632 F.3d 1238, 1240-46 (11th Cir. 2011) (robbery conviction under § 812.13(1) qualifies as crime . . .

UNITED STATES v. ORR,, 685 F. App'x 263 (4th Cir. 2017)

. . . . § 812.13(1). . . . However, the Eleventh Circuit has concluded that a Florida robbery conviction under § 812.13(1) categorically . . . The court explained that § 812.13(1) requires either the use of force or violence, the threat of imminent . . . Thus, the Eleventh Circuit held that a conviction under § 812.13(1) categorically qualified as a predicate . . .

UNITED STATES v. STOKELING,, 684 F. App'x 870 (11th Cir. 2017)

. . . . § 812.13 qualifies as a violent felony as that term is defined by the elements clause of the Armed . . . Stat. § 812.13 changed in 1997. . . . In looking to the version of § 812.13 under which Mr. . . . force” could support a § 812.13 conviction from 1976 to 1997. . . . But here our interest is not in divining the true meaning of § 812.13. . . . . § 812.13, from before Florida passed a “robbery by sudden snatching” statute in 1999, Fla. . . . Stat. § 812.13. . . . Our precedents rely on the shared force element in section 812.13(1) and do not mention the additional . . . requirements for armed robbery in section 812.13(2). . . . Stat. § 812.13, which requires “resistance by the victim that is overcome by the physical force of the . . .

TERMITUS, v. SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS,, 245 F. Supp. 3d 1322 (M.D. Fla. 2017)

. . . . § 812.13(1), (2)(a), Fla. Stat. (2004); § 777.04(1), Fla. Stat. (2004). . . .

WHITE, v. STATE, 215 So. 3d 132 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 2017)

. . . State, 403 So.2d 593, 594 (Fla. 1st DCA 1981); see also §§ 775.082(3)(d), 777.04(4)(c), 812.13(2)(a), . . .

UNITED STATES v. ABUIN- SANCHEZ,, 682 F. App'x 815 (11th Cir. 2017)

. . . . § 812.13(1), fail to qualify as predicate convictions for the purposes of the enhancement. . . . Stat. § 812.13(1). We have held that Florida robbery under Fla. . . . . § 812.13 was the equivalent of the generic form of robbery and therefore it constituted a crime of . . . Stat. § 812.13(1), the district court properly concluded, consistent with Lockley, that those prior convictions . . .

MARTINEZ, v. STATE, 211 So. 3d 989 (Fla. 2017)

. . . information that Martinez “carried” the firearm during the commission of the offense in violation of section 812.13 . . . f in the course of committing the robbery the offender carried a firearm or other deadly weapon." § 812.13 . . .

UNITED STATES v. L. RAZZ, Jr., 679 F. App'x 950 (11th Cir. 2017)

. . . . § 812.13(1) is a violent felony under the ACCA’s elements clause, had been abrogated by Descamps v. . . . Stat. § 812.13. . . . Stat. § 812.13(1). . . . Id. § 812.13(2)(b). . . . We applied the categorical approach and identified the least culpable conduct prohibited by § 812.13 . . .

UNITED STATES v. MARIUS, a. k. a. a. k. a., 678 F. App'x 960 (11th Cir. 2017)

. . . Fritts, 841 F.3d 937 (11th Cir. 2016), that a “Florida armed robbery conviction under [section] 812.13 . . .

UNITED STATES v. BOSTICK,, 675 F. App'x 948 (11th Cir. 2017)

. . . . § 812.13(2)(c), categorically qualified as a “violent felony” under the ACCA. . . . Stat. § 812.13(1). . . . In Lockley, this Court concluded that a robbery conviction under § 812.13(1) categorically qualifies . . . Id, Thus, a conviction under § 812.13(1) “categorically qualifies under the elements clause.” . . . Stat. § 812.13(1) categorically qualified as a violent felony under the ACCA. . . .

JAIMES- LOPEZ, v. U. S. ATTORNEY GENERAL,, 675 F. App'x 870 (11th Cir. 2017)

. . . . § 812.13. . . . Stat. § 812.13(2)(a). . . . Stat. § 812.13(2)(a) qualified as a crime involving moral turpitude. . . . Stat. § 812.13(2)(a). . . . Stat. § 812.13(2)(a) involves moral turpitude. . . .

SMITH, v. STATE, 211 So. 3d 176 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 2016)

. . . See § 812.13(2)(a), Fla. Stat. (1990). . . . A robbery offense under s. 812.13, s. 812.131, or s. 812.135. 7. Carjacking under s. 812.133. 8. . . .

A. PACHECO- VELASQUEZ, v. STATE, 208 So. 3d 293 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 2016)

. . . See § 812.13(2)(a), Fla. Stat. (2013). . . .

McCLOUD, v. STATE, 208 So. 3d 668 (Fla. 2016)

. . . See § 812.13(1), (2)(a), Fla. Stat. (2009). . . .

UNITED STATES v. JOHNSON,, 665 F. App'x 788 (11th Cir. 2016)

. . . . § 812.13 mirror almost exactly the generic definition of robbery. Id. at 1243. . . . Stat. § 812.13(1) requires that the defendant (1) commit the taking of money or other property from another . . . Stat. § 812.13(1) to the generic definition, we held that they are clear equivalents. Id. . . .

MATHIS, v. STATE, 204 So.3d 104 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 2016)

. . . A robbery offense undér s. 812.13, s. 812.131, or s. 812.135. 7. Carjacking under s. 812.133. 8. . . .

UNITED STATES v. FRITTS,, 841 F.3d 937 (11th Cir. 2016)

. . . Florida Statutes §§ 784.021, 784.045; (2) robbery with a firearm, in violation of Florida Statutes § 812.13 . . . Stat. § 812.13(1), (2)(a) (1987) (emphasis added). . . . Stat. § 812.13(1); Lockley, 632 F.3d at 1240 (“We ... disregard the facts of the underlying conviction . . . In fact, in Robinson the Florida Supreme Court made clear that the § 812.13 robbery statute has never . . . Stat. § 812.13(1)(1993). . . . .

UNITED STATES v. SEABROOKS,, 839 F.3d 1326 (11th Cir. 2016)

. . . . § 812.13 required the use, attempted use, or threatened use of “violent force,” Curtis Johnson v. . . . Lockley considered whether a 2001 Florida attempted robbery conviction under § 812.13(1) counts as a . . . Another problem with relying on Robinson for the proposition that § 812.13 has never included sudden . . . In looking to the version of § 812.13 under which Mr. . . . But here our interest is not about divining the true meaning of § 812.13. . . . Stat. § 812.13 (1995) (emphasis added). . . . Id. § 812.13(1). . . . . § 812.13(2)(c). . . . Id. § 812.13(2)(a). . . . Stat. § 812.13(1). . . .

IN RE JACKSON,, 826 F.3d 1343 (11th Cir. 2016)

. . . Lockley, 632 F.3d 1238 (11th Cir. 2011), that a robbery under Florida Statute § 812.13(1) met ACCA’s . . . Before 2000, a defendant could commit robbery under § 812.13(1) either by use of force or by “sudden . . . Lockley analyzed this later scheme and held that this new version of § 812.13(1) met United States Sentencing . . .

IN RE HIRES,, 825 F.3d 1297 (11th Cir. 2016)

. . . . § 812.13 (1995). . . . Ordinary robbery under § 812.13(1) does not involve a firearm and is a second-degree felony. . . . Armed robbery under § 812.13(1) and (2)(a) involves a firearm and is a felony in the first degree. . . .

UNITED STATES v. JENKINS,, 651 F. App'x 920 (11th Cir. 2016)

. . . The PSI Addendum explained that the carrying of a weapon is not an element of a § 812.13(1) offense, . . . Stat. § 812.13(2)(c) (making a violation of § 812.13(1) a second degree felony if the defendant “carried . . . Stat. § 812.13(1) (emphasis added). . . . Id. § 812.13(2)(e); Selkirk v. State, 815 So.2d 758 (Fla. 4th Dist.Ct.App.2002). . . . As to the enumerated offenses clause, the Lock-ley Court determined that the commission of a § 812.13 . . .

AIKEN, v. WARDEN, FCC COLEMAN- MEDIUM,, 649 F. App'x 750 (11th Cir. 2016)

. . . . § 812.13(1), categorically qualifies as a crime of violence for the purposes of the analogous career-offender . . .

WELCH, v. UNITED STATES., 136 S. Ct. 1257 (U.S. 2016)

. . . . § 812.13(1) (1994). . . .

J. FIGUEROA, v. STATE, 187 So. 3d 369 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 2016)

. . . He argues that his fifty-year prison sentence for robbery with a weapon in' violation of section 812.13 . . . first-degree' felony and,' generally, the maximum sentence permitted by [sections 775.082(3)(b) and 812.13 . . .

HILL, v. STATE, 186 So. 3d 1119 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 2016)

. . . Robbery with a deadly weapon is a first degree felony punishable by life imprisonment, § 812.13(2)(a) . . .

BAER, v. E. LYNCH, D., 636 F. App'x 695 (7th Cir. 2016)

. . . . § 812.13; United States v. Lockley, 632 F.3d 1238, 1242-43 (11th Cir.2011); United States v. . . .

GRANT, v. STATE, 189 So. 3d 878 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 2016)

. . . Grant was charged with attempted armed robbery with a firearm pursuant to section 812.13(2)(a), Florida . . .

WOODBERRY, v. STATE, 193 So. 3d 5 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 2016)

. . . . §§ 787.01(2), 810.02(2), 812.13(2)(a), Fla. Stat. (1990). Woodberry was convicted as a principal. . . .

STATE v. REVENEL,, 184 So. 3d 629 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 2016)

. . . for a new- hearing to be conducted in accordance with the sentencing guidelines set forth in section 812.13 . . . a three-time violent felony offender, but nevertheless, stated that, given the language of section 812.13 . . . discretion to sentence Revenel either to the minimum mandatory term of thirty years (as provided in section 812.13 . . . convicted of armed robbery with a deadly weapon or firearm, a first-degree felony pursuant to section 812.13 . . . imprisonment for a term of years not exceeding life imprisonment or as provided in ... s.775.084.” § 812.13 . . .

UNITED STATES v. ARROYO, a. k. a., 636 F. App'x 989 (11th Cir. 2016)

. . . . § 812.13(1), (2)(A), and the three prior convictions listed in his. indictment for the attempted murder . . .

L. HARRIS, v. STATE, 182 So. 3d 859 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 2016)

. . . . § 812.13(2)(a), Fla! Stat. (1995). . . .

McPHERSON, v. STATE, 198 So. 3d 675 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 2015)

. . . McPherson was convicted of robbery with a firearm as a principal in violation of section 812.13(2)(a) . . . See § 812.13(2)(a); Poiteer v. . . .